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抑郁症状与减少的愉快情绪预期:低愉快信念的中介作用
其他题名The relationship between depressive symptoms and reduced pleasure forecasting: the mediating role of low pleasure belief
张瑞婷1,2; 杨寅1; 胡慧欣3; 杨天笑1; Diane C.Gooding4; Eric F.C.Cheung5; 陈楚侨1,2
2018-10
会议名称第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
会议录名称摘要集-第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
页码935-936
会议日期10.30-11.2
会议地点北京
产权排序1
摘要

摘要:情绪预期是指个体对于未来事件引起的情绪反应的预测。前人研究发现,抑郁症状更多的个体比抑郁症状更少的个体预期更少的愉快情绪,然而其背后的工作机制尚未清楚。低愉快信念是指个体认为某些特定的活动不愉快,或个体认为自己总体上不能体验到愉快情绪。低愉快信念可能影响情绪预期的加工,也可能与抑郁症状存在联系,因此低愉快信念可能是抑郁症状与情绪预期缺损的中介因素。本研究将探讨低愉快信念与抑郁症状的关系,并进一步探讨低愉快信念在抑郁症状与降低的愉快情绪预期中的中介作用。本研究共收集1427份有效问卷,其中男生411人(22.88±2.50岁),女生1016人(21.95±2.25岁)。研究采用贝克抑郁量表对抑郁症状进行测量;采用愉快信念量表测量低愉快信念;采用时间性愉快体验量表、期待性与即时性人际间愉快体验量表中的期待性条目测量对愉快情绪的预期。本研究采用偏相关分析探讨低愉快信念与抑郁症状的关系,并采用结构方程模型探讨低愉快信念的中介作用。研究结果发现,在控制了年龄与性别的条件下,低愉快信念与抑郁症状之间存在显著的正相关(r=0.36, p<0.001)。此外,观测数据与假设的中介模型吻合度良好(RMSEA=0.007; CFI=1; TLI=0.999; χ2=1.07; p=0.30),低愉快信念的中介作用显著(β=-0.14, 90% CI=-0.173 to – 0.111, p<0.001)。研究结果提示了抑郁症状个体可能有低愉快信念,并且低愉快信念可能是造成抑郁症状人群减少的愉快情绪预期的原因之一。

其他摘要

Abstract:Affective forecasting is defined as the ability to predict one’s emotional reaction to future events. Previous studies have demonstrated robust evidence that individuals with more depressive symptoms anticipated less pleasure than people with less depressive symptoms. However, the underlying mechanism has not been fully understood. Low pleasure beliefs are beliefs that certain activities are not pleasurable or beliefs about difficulties in experiencing pleasure. Low pleasure beliefs may impact affective forecasting processing and may be associated with depressive symptoms, which may further mediate the relationship between depressive symptoms and affective forecasting. The present study aimed to test the hypothesis by investigating the correlation between depressive symptoms and low pleasure beliefs first, and examing the mediation effect of low pleasure beliefs on the relationship between depressive symptoms and pleasure forecasting in the general population. 1427 young adults (411 males, mean age= 22.88 years, SD = 2.50; 1016 females, mean age = 21.95, SD=2.25) completed the online self-report questionnaires. Depressive symptoms, low pleasure beliefs and pleasure forecasting were assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory, the Belief about Pleasure Scale, and anticipatory items in the Anticipatory and Consummatory Interpersonal Pleasure Scale and Temporal Experience of Pleasure Scale, respectively. The relationship between depressive symptoms and low pleasure beliefs was examined by partial correlation analysis. The mediating role of low pleasure beliefs between depressive symptoms and positive affective forecasting was calculated by structural equation modelling analysis. Significant correlation was found between depressive symptoms and low pleasure beliefs (r=0.36, p<0.001), with age and gender controlled. Moreover, the hypothesized model was supported by observed data (RMSEA=0.007; CFI=1; TLI=0.999; χ2=1.07; p=0.30) and a significant mediation effect of low pleasure beliefs (β=-0.14, 90% CI=-0.173 to – 0.111, p<0.001) was found. The present results suggest that individuals with depressive symptoms may have low pleasure beliefs. Moreover, low pleasure beliefs of depressed individuals may lead to their reduced pleasure forecasting.

关键词低愉快信念 抑郁症状 中介作用 情绪预期
语种中文
文献类型会议论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27332
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室,神经心理学与应用认知神经科学实验室
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.上海交通大学医学院附属精神卫生中心转化心理学与认知神经科学实验室
4.威斯康辛大学心理学与精神病学系
5.青山医院
第一作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
张瑞婷,杨寅,胡慧欣,等. 抑郁症状与减少的愉快情绪预期:低愉快信念的中介作用[C],2018:935-936.
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