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接受还是拒绝?选项框架助推基础课选择
其他题名Accept or Reject?The Nudge Effect of Option Framing on Foundation Courses
刘隽1,2; 张震1,2; 孙彦2,3; 韩布新1,2; 陆勤4; 刘萍萍1,2
2018-10
会议名称第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
通讯作者邮箱liupp@psych.ac.cn
会议录名称摘要集-第二十一届全国心理学学术会议
页码1011-1012
会议日期10.30-11.2
会议地点北京
产权排序1
摘要

摘要:近年课外培训成为教育学、经济学与社会学等诸多领域的研究热点。培训课程包括两类:培养学生兴趣、特长等综合能力的拓展课,以及旨在提高学生学习能力、效率及成绩的基础课。学好基础课可以让孩子在未来升学、就业竞争中取得优势,然而小学生及其家长面临课外培训选择时,经常选择当下体验愉快的拓展课,而放弃需要持之以恒的、未来回报丰厚的基础课。如何达到学生在基础课及拓展课之间的平衡选择?我们首先在实验室场景下探讨了不同选项框架下人们对基础课和拓展课的决策差异;为了检验选项框架设置在现实中对小学生家庭选择基础课的助推效果,我们在课外培训报名点进行了现场实验。两个实验结果均表明:(1)与接受框架相比,人们在拒绝框架下会选择更多课程;(2)小学生父母在接受框架下相对更偏好拓展课,而在拒绝框架下相对更偏好基础课。本文首次在儿童教育决策领域验证了选项框架效应,为儿童教育研究提供了跨领域的理论线索。更重要的是,现场实验表明,仅通过调整选项框架就可以助推小学生父母关注并选择基础课,从而实现小学生基础课及拓展课的平衡发展,该研究发现对广大儿童教育工作者及受教育者均有重要现实意义。

其他摘要

Abstract:Nowadays, extracurricular classes have always been the research hotspots in areas such as Education, Economics and Sociology. There are two types of curriculum: (1) the foundation courses which aim to improve the learning abilities and academic performance of students; (2) the enrichment courses which focus on developing the comprehensive abilities of students, such as interests and specialties. However, primary school students and their parents inclined to choose the enrichment courses which are enjoyable rather than the foundation courses which have long-term benefits. How can we achieve the balance in choosing between the two types of curriculum? Two experiments were conducted to examine the impact of the option framing effects on curriculum decisions for participants. In Experiment 1, primary school students, primary school parents and the seniors were invited to examine the impact of the option framing effects on choosing different courses. Experiment 2 invited the primary school parents to explore the nudge effect of option framing on foundation courses in the real scene. Results of both experiments showed that all participants selected more courses in rejection framing than in acceptance framing. The primary school parents preferred foundation courses relatively in the rejection framing. In contrary, they preferred enrichment courses in the acceptance framing. This study verifies the stability of the option framing effect and proves that the option framing effect is applicable to decision-making in education. The results also provide insights on cross-domain theoretical clues for children's extracurricular education and activities. More importantly, we found that adjusting the option framing can improve parents’ rational choices in choosing the foundation courses more. This research shows significant real-world implications for both educators and families.

关键词选项框架效应 助推 课程类型 决策者角色
语种中文
文献类型会议论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27333
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.中国科学院行为科学重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
4.香港理工大学电子计算机系
第一作者单位中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
刘隽,张震,孙彦,等. 接受还是拒绝?选项框架助推基础课选择[C],2018:1011-1012.
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