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合格与不合格的智人:以虚构故事为行为标志物的视角
Alternative TitleQualified and unqualified Homo sapiens: Perspective of fiction as abehavioral marker
沈丝楚1,2; 陈熹3; 郭慧芳1,2,4; 李纾1,2
First Author沈丝楚
2018-03-13
Source Publication科技导报
Correspondent Emaillishu@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1000-7857
Subtype期刊论文
Volume36Issue:05Pages:77-84
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

人类作为万物之灵的地位正在受到人工智能的挑战。为应对这一挑战,需要确认人类成为万物之灵的独特能力,并将其发扬光大。根据尤瓦尔·赫拉利在《人类简史》一书中的观点,虚构故事的能力是让人类跃升食物链顶端的关键。为检验虚构故事的2个要素能否区分合格与不合格的智人,尝试基于虚构故事的2个要素,设计了"语意领会"和"未来成真"的决策情境题。结果表明,不合格智人的效标人群(服刑人员和药物成瘾人员)和合格智人的效标人群(正常人群)在2类决策情境题上的反应得分均存在显著差异。研究结果为虚构故事的能力作为区分智人合格与否的潜在行为标志物提供了数据支持,亦为虚构故事的能力作为智人的独特能力这一构想提供了先导性的证据。

Other Abstract

Abstract Human being, as the wisest of all creatures, has been challenged by artificial intelligence. In order to tackle the challenge, we need to identify and enhance the unique capacity of human being as the wisest of all creatures. According to Yuval Noah Harari’s viewpoint presented in Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, the capacity to believe in things purely existing in the fiction is the key to moving up in the food chain. Two decision scenarios are therefore developed to explore whether the two elements of fiction“( fiction reading comprehension”and“future coming true”) can serve as a behavioral marker to distinguish qualified from unqualified homo sapiens. The result reveals significant differences in terms of responses to the scenarios between the criterion populations of unqualified homo sapiens, such as lawbreakers and drug addicts, and qualified homo sapiens (normal control). The findings support the notion that capacity of fiction can serve as a candidate behavioral marker for distinguishing qualified from unqualified homo sapiens. Furthermore, the findings provide pilot evidence for the viewpoint that the cognitive capacity of fiction is the unique capacity of homo sapiens.

Keyword虚构 语意领会 未来成真 行为标志物 跨期决策
DOI10.3981/j.issn.1000-7857.2018.05.009
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6205931
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27668
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Corresponding Author李纾
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
3.福建省福州监狱教育中心
4.河南省新乡市公安局
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
沈丝楚,陈熹,郭慧芳,等. 合格与不合格的智人:以虚构故事为行为标志物的视角[J]. 科技导报,2018,36(05):77-84.
APA 沈丝楚,陈熹,郭慧芳,&李纾.(2018).合格与不合格的智人:以虚构故事为行为标志物的视角.科技导报,36(05),77-84.
MLA 沈丝楚,et al."合格与不合格的智人:以虚构故事为行为标志物的视角".科技导报 36.05(2018):77-84.
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