PSYCH OpenIR
情绪学习促进无意识信息进入意识
其他题名Access to awareness is improved by affective learning
张秀玲1; 庞兆阳1; 姜云鹏2; 张明3; 蒋毅4
第一作者张秀玲
2018
发表期刊心理学报
通讯作者邮箱psyzm@suda.edu.cn,journeyonstars@126.com
ISSN0439-755X
文章类型期刊论文
卷号50期号:03页码:253-259
产权排序4
摘要

采用突破连续闪烁抑制范式(b-CFS),考察了经过情绪学习的刺激在无意识中是否存在加工优势。实验1使用不同朝向的光栅刺激,结果发现情绪学习条件比对照条件的刺激在CFS中突破抑制时间更短。实验2考察了更复杂的朝向和颜色整合的光栅刺激,发现情绪优势效应具有特异性,仅局限于情绪学习的整合刺激。研究表明经过情绪学习后的刺激在无意识加工中存在优势。

其他摘要

Increasing evidence has indicated that emotional information, and particularly threatening visual input, elicits faster behavioral responses than non-threatening stimuli. This superior processing of threatening information is also found under conditions where consciousness is absent. However, recent studies found that faster unconscious detection of emotion-associated stimuli than neutral stimuli may be due to their unmatched physical characteristics, rather than by their emotional content. Thus, it is necessary to test whether emotional stimuli still have the processing advantage over neutral ones in unconscious conditions when low-level visual properties are matched. In order to investigate whether unconsciously prioritized processing still occurs with motion-associated stimuli which are physically identical, we used the conditioning paradigm to manipulate the affective significance of Gabor patches. Participants performed two challenging visual detection tasks under the breaking Continuous Flash Suppression (b-CFS) paradigm. In experiment 1, differently oriented Gabor patches (45° and 135°) were used as material. During an initial learning phase, one oriented Gabor patch (e.g., 45°) was paired with an alarm sound (CS+), whereas the other was never paired with the alarm sound (CS–). The emotional rating indicated that negative emotion could be elicited by the alarm sound in the participants. The orientation of CS+ Gabor patches was counterbalanced across participants. In the subsequent testing phase, participants were required to discriminate the location of the Gabor patch relative to the central fixation as quickly and accurately as possible. In this phase, Gabor patches were suppressed by dynamic noise using b-CFS. The procedure in experiment 2 was the same with that in experiment 1, except that the color of the Gabor patches was also varied, between red and green. In experiment 1, there was no difference in the accuracy rates between CS+ stimuli and CS– stimuli (99% vs. 99%). Suppression time results showed that CS+ stimuli emerged from suppression faster than CS– ones. In experiment 2, there was no difference in the accuracy rates for different learning condition. For the analysis of suppression time, the “learning effect” was computed to represent difference between experimental conditions and control condition. Integrated learning showed a significant learning effect, while there was no remarkable learning effect in orientation learning or in color learning condition. These findings revealed an unconscious processing advantage for aversive conditioned stimuli. Furthermore, the learning effect was specific to the conditioned stimuli and could not generalize to other similar objects. Taken together, this study provided further evidence for the optimized processing of affectively significant visual stimuli in unconscious conditions.

关键词情绪学习 连续闪烁抑制范式 无意识信息加工
DOI10.3724/SP.J.1041.2018.00253
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
CSCD记录号CSCD:6190944
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27684
专题中国科学院心理研究所
作者单位1.东北师范大学心理学院
2.清华大学生物工程医学系
3.苏州大学教育学院心理学系
4.中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
张秀玲,庞兆阳,姜云鹏,等. 情绪学习促进无意识信息进入意识[J]. 心理学报,2018,50(03):253-259.
APA 张秀玲,庞兆阳,姜云鹏,张明,&蒋毅.(2018).情绪学习促进无意识信息进入意识.心理学报,50(03),253-259.
MLA 张秀玲,et al."情绪学习促进无意识信息进入意识".心理学报 50.03(2018):253-259.
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