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城镇化进程中农村老年人的抑郁情绪及相关因素
Alternative TitleDepression emotion and its related factors among rural elderly during urbanization
刘正奎1,2; 陈天勇1,2; 王金凤1,2; 周树民3
First Author刘正奎
2018-01-10
Source Publication中国心理卫生杂志
Correspondent Emailchenty@ psych. ac. Cn
ISSN1000-6729
Subtype期刊论文
Volume32Issue:01Pages:43-48
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的:调查城镇化进程中,"城乡结合部"和"传统农村"两类农村老年人的抑郁情绪,并分析主要的相关因素。方法:在福建省福鼎市的山前街道和点头镇所辖行政村选取老年受访者1135人,采用CES-D的10题简版评估抑郁情绪(得分≥10分有抑郁情绪问题),自编问卷调查相关基本情况。结果:传统农村老年人中有抑郁情绪问题的比例高于城乡结合部老年人(49.6%vs.30.3%,P<0.001)。Logistic回归分析的结果显示,在控制其他因素的影响后,传统农村老年人出现抑郁情绪问题的危险性是城乡结合部老年人的1.40倍;进一步的分析表明,与农村老年人抑郁情绪最重要的相关因素(P

Other Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of depressive emotion and related factors among rural elderly living in urban-rural fringe zones and traditional villages. Methods: Totally 1135 rural elderly were surveyed in Fuding,Fujian Province. The 10-item CES-D Scale was adopted to assess depressive emotion ( score 10 or higher as having depression problem) ,and a self-made questionnaire was used to investigate other relevant demographical information. Results: Rural elderly lived in traditional villages had significantly higher ratio of depression than the elderly lived in urban-rural fringe zones ( 49. 6% vs. 30. 3%,P < 0. 001) . Logistic regression analysis showed that the ratio of depression in elderly of traditional villages was 1. 40 times that of urban-rural fringe zone after controlling other factors. Other important factors ( P < 0. 001) related to depression were poorer self-rated health ( OR =7. 52) ,financial strain ( OR = 4. 41) ,negative life event ( OR = 2. 91) ,and living alone ( OR = 2. 72) in elderly of urban-rural fringe zone,but only financial strain ( OR = 8. 52) in elderly of traditional villages. Conclusion: Depression is more prevalently identified among rural elderly living in traditional villages,and urbanization could effectively reduce depression in rural elderly. Public policies should improve the financial and medical security,social support and so on to promote the emotional well-being among rural elderly during urbanization.

Keyword老年 抑郁情绪 城镇化 农村 城乡结合部
DOI10. 3969 /j. issn. 1000 ­ 6729. 2018. 01. 008
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
CSCD IDCSCD:6156337
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27701
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding Author陈天勇
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所)
2.中国科学院大学
3.中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘正奎,陈天勇,王金凤,等. 城镇化进程中农村老年人的抑郁情绪及相关因素[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志,2018,32(01):43-48.
APA 刘正奎,陈天勇,王金凤,&周树民.(2018).城镇化进程中农村老年人的抑郁情绪及相关因素.中国心理卫生杂志,32(01),43-48.
MLA 刘正奎,et al."城镇化进程中农村老年人的抑郁情绪及相关因素".中国心理卫生杂志 32.01(2018):43-48.
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