Institutional Repository, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
|其他题名||Preschoolers' selective trust and belief revision in conflicting situation|
|李婷玉1,2; 刘黎1,2; 李宜霖1,2; 朱莉琪1|
One of the most imperative issues in developmental research on social cognition is whether young children selectively trust informants' testimonies and revise their beliefs based on those testimonies. Previous research has shown that both the nature of the information and the traits of informants affect young children's selective trust and belief revision. However, the role that contradictory information may play in young children's selective trust and belief revision has yet to be examined. The present study examined Chinese preschoolers' selective trust and belief revision in situations in which their beliefs were contradicted by information provided by a familiar informant (the mother). The present study adopted the conflicting sources paradigm. Testimonies about hybrid pictures with different perceptual cues (the 50%–50% hybrids task vs the 75%–25% hybrids task) were presented to 74 4- to 6-year-old preschoolers, to investigate young children's selective trust and belief revision. Participants heard two informants (the mother and the stranger) name the hybrid differently. In all tasks, the stranger’s naming was more consistent with the perceptual cues. Children were asked about their own naming (What animal is this?), whom they would like to ask (mother or stranger?), whom to believe and the endorsement question (What animal do you think this is?). The results showed that children's selective trust and belief revision are influenced by the degree of conflict between mother's testimonies and perceptual evidence. In the low conflicting situation (50%–50% hybrids task), children are more inclined to ask for and explicitly trust the mother's testimony than in the high conflicting situation (75%–25% hybrids task). Furthermore, in the low conflicting situation, older children are more likely to revise their beliefs than younger children; whereas in the high conflicting situation, older children are more hesitant to revise their beliefs than younger children. The findings indicate that older children are more flexible in selective trust and belief revision. They are better able to factor the available perceptual cues into their consideration of the adult's testimony. In summary, 4- to 6-year-old preschoolers' selective trust and belief revision are influenced by the degree of conflict between others' testimonies and perceptual evidence. In high conflicting situations, they typically refuse to ask for and endorse the testimonies provided by the familiar informant, or to revise their beliefs. The results of the present study demonstrate that young children are able to distinguish between different degrees of conflict. When the mother's testimony conflicted dramatically with the young children's existing beliefs, older Chinese preschoolers in our study tended to distrust the mother and refused to revise their beliefs.
|关键词||4～6岁幼儿 选择性信任 信念修正 信息提供者 熟悉性|
|李婷玉,刘黎,李宜霖,等. 冲突情境下幼儿的选择性信任和信念修正[J]. 心理学报,2018,50(12):1390-1399.|
|MLA||李婷玉,et al."冲突情境下幼儿的选择性信任和信念修正".心理学报 50.12(2018):1390-1399.|
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