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信上帝还是不信上帝:分析式和启发式决策的解释
Alternative TitleValidity and Reliability of the Chinese Version of the Early Signs Scale of Schizophrenia
江程铭1,2; 杨舒雯2,3; 陈俊芳2,3; 李纾2,3
First Author江程铭
2018-10-10
Source Publication自然辩证法通讯
Correspondent Emailwangyazsu@gmail.com
ISSN1000-0763
Subtype期刊论文
Volume40Issue:10Pages:23-31
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

信教还是不信教?这是一个决策问题。行为决策的两类基本理论模型(分析式系统和启发式系统)都尝试着对这个问题进行解释。期望价值理论(属于分析式系统)产生于对"帕斯卡的赌注"的分析;齐当别抉择模型(属于启发式系统)被用于解释为什么"骆驼穿过针的眼,比财主进神的国还容易"。这两类模型用决策科学的语言,将信不信宗教问题简化为可证伪的选择问题。其审题的不同视角,反映了期望家族理论与启发式家族理论之间的碰撞。

Other Abstract

Objective: To translate the Early Signs Scale(ESS) into Chinese and to test the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the ESS(ESS-C). Methods: Two-hundred community stable schizophrenia patients and 60 relapsed inpatients with schizophrenia were administered the ESS-C. Two weeks later, 30 community patients were administered the ESS-C again. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the 4-factor structure showed acceptable but not ideal goodness-of-fit, the indices were CFI=0.83, TLI=0.82, SRMR=0.056, RMSEA=0.084. The factor loads of each factor were 0.545-0.753 for anxiety/agitation, 0.563-0.760 for depression/withdrawal, 0.462-0.757 for disinhibition, 0.566-0.790 for incipient/psychosis. The mean content validity(CVI) for ESS-C was 0.92, CVI for each item ranged from 0.80-1.00. The Cronbach’s α was 0.966 for the whole scale, and ranged from 0.813 to 0.922 for each factor. The test-retest reliability ranged from 0.724 to 0.921 for factor scores and total score. Conclusion: The ESS-C showed good content validity, criterion validity and reliability, the structure validity was acceptable but not ideal.

Keyword宗教信仰 分析式决策 启发式决策 期望价值理论 齐当别抉择模型
DOI10.15994/j.1000-0763.2018.10.004
Indexed ByCSCD
Language中文
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27720
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.浙江工业大学经贸管理学院
2.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
3.中国科学院大学心理学系
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
江程铭,杨舒雯,陈俊芳,等. 信上帝还是不信上帝:分析式和启发式决策的解释[J]. 自然辩证法通讯,2018,40(10):23-31.
APA 江程铭,杨舒雯,陈俊芳,&李纾.(2018).信上帝还是不信上帝:分析式和启发式决策的解释.自然辩证法通讯,40(10),23-31.
MLA 江程铭,et al."信上帝还是不信上帝:分析式和启发式决策的解释".自然辩证法通讯 40.10(2018):23-31.
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