Institutional Repository, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
|其他题名||The Psychological Effects of Residential Mobility:From the Perspective of Changes in Social Environment|
Abstract Residential mobility is defined as the frequency of relocation. On an individual level, it refers to the frequency that people change their residence. On a societal level, it refers to the percentage of residents who have moved in a given period in a given area. Residential mobility leads to the changes of social environment. Social environment here mainly implies the dynamic social relationship and social network built through social interaction, including family, relatives, peers, school and neighborhood. From the perspective of changes in social environment, we reviewed the effects of residential mobility on people’s feeling, thinking and behaviors. First, we reviewed research methods and results of previous studies regarding children/adolescents. The international research mainly conducted longitudinal studies. They measured the number of moves in last one year, five years or in a specific period of time. The studies in China often used surveys to compare the differences of psychological states between children/adolescents in high residential mobility group and those in low residential mobility group. Results of these studies showed that moves interrupted the consistency of critical social environments (e.g. school and neighborhood) needed for the growth of children/adolescents, led caregivers to reduce parent-child interaction and educational expenditure, decreased quantity and quality of relationships between children/adolescents and their neighbors or peers. These changes of social environments generated by residential mobility had negative influence on children’s/adolescents’ self-regulation, cognition, emotions, problematic behaviors, social relationship and group behaviors. Second, we reviewed the methods and findings of previous studies regarding adults. International studies investigated psychological effects of residential mobility both by surveys and by experiments. One type of surveys was to use questionnaires to measure psychological variables of participants and ask them to report moving history from 5-year-old to their age of college. Another type of surveys was to use of census data to acquire the information of residential mobility and psychological variables. The experiments conducted to test psychological effects of residential mobility often manipulated residential mobility by priming or role playing. Studies in China conducted surveys to compare the mental health of high residential mobility group (i.e., floating population) with that of lower residential mobility group or with the average of China. Residential mobility broke familiar interpersonal relationships, brought people into unfamiliar social relationships and decreased social supports. These changes of social environment evoked negative emotions (e.g. anxiety, loneliness, sadness), decreased the level of well-being and mental health, yet motivated people to expand their social networks. High residential mobility also made people switch belonging groups and social identities frequently. As a result, residential mobility lowered the level of collective self, increased the level of individual self, led to conditional group identification, and decreased pro-social behaviors. Finally, on the basis of the above review, we discussed the following three questions:(1) What are the associations among the psychological effects of residential mobility in childhood, adolescence and adulthood? (2) Whether and how does residential mobility influence pro-self behaviors? 3) What are the future research directions of psychological effects of residential mobility in China?
|关键词||居住流动性 社会支持 情感 人际互动 群体行为|
|戴逸茹,李岩梅. 居住流动性对心理行为的影响[J]. 心理科学,2018,41(05):1185-1191.|
|MLA||戴逸茹,et al."居住流动性对心理行为的影响".心理科学 41.05(2018):1185-1191.|
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