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居住流动性对心理行为的影响
其他题名The Psychological Effects of Residential Mobility:From the Perspective of Changes in Social Environment
戴逸茹1,2; 李岩梅1
第一作者戴逸茹
2018-09-20
发表期刊心理科学
通讯作者邮箱liym@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1671-6981
文章类型期刊论文
卷号41期号:05页码:1185-1191
产权排序1
摘要

居住流动性,指某时期个体搬迁的次数或某区域居民搬迁的比率。本文从居住流动性引起社会环境变化入手,综述其心理影响。对儿童/青少年,搬迁中断了成长所需的关键社会环境,影响自我调节、认知能力、情感与群体行为等。对成年人,搬迁使社会环境陌生化、所属群体变换频繁,影响心理健康、人际交往、自我概念和群体认同等。随后,就成年前、后研究的关系、居住流动性对利己行为的影响及国内居住流动性研究的未来方向进行了讨论。

其他摘要

Abstract Residential mobility is defined as the frequency of relocation. On an individual level, it refers to the frequency that people change their residence. On a societal level, it refers to the percentage of residents who have moved in a given period in a given area. Residential mobility leads to the changes of social environment. Social environment here mainly implies the dynamic social relationship and social network built through social interaction, including family, relatives, peers, school and neighborhood. From the perspective of changes in social environment, we reviewed the effects of residential mobility on people’s feeling, thinking and behaviors. First, we reviewed research methods and results of previous studies regarding children/adolescents. The international research mainly conducted longitudinal studies. They measured the number of moves in last one year, five years or in a specific period of time. The studies in China often used surveys to compare the differences of psychological states between children/adolescents in high residential mobility group and those in low residential mobility group. Results of these studies showed that moves interrupted the consistency of critical social environments (e.g. school and neighborhood) needed for the growth of children/adolescents, led caregivers to reduce parent-child interaction and educational expenditure, decreased quantity and quality of relationships between children/adolescents and their neighbors or peers. These changes of social environments generated by residential mobility had negative influence on children’s/adolescents’ self-regulation, cognition, emotions, problematic behaviors, social relationship and group behaviors. Second, we reviewed the methods and findings of previous studies regarding adults. International studies investigated psychological effects of residential mobility both by surveys and by experiments. One type of surveys was to use questionnaires to measure psychological variables of participants and ask them to report moving history from 5-year-old to their age of college. Another type of surveys was to use of census data to acquire the information of residential mobility and psychological variables. The experiments conducted to test psychological effects of residential mobility often manipulated residential mobility by priming or role playing. Studies in China conducted surveys to compare the mental health of high residential mobility group (i.e., floating population) with that of lower residential mobility group or with the average of China. Residential mobility broke familiar interpersonal relationships, brought people into unfamiliar social relationships and decreased social supports. These changes of social environment evoked negative emotions (e.g. anxiety, loneliness, sadness), decreased the level of well-being and mental health, yet motivated people to expand their social networks. High residential mobility also made people switch belonging groups and social identities frequently. As a result, residential mobility lowered the level of collective self, increased the level of individual self, led to conditional group identification, and decreased pro-social behaviors. Finally, on the basis of the above review, we discussed the following three questions:(1) What are the associations among the psychological effects of residential mobility in childhood, adolescence and adulthood? (2) Whether and how does residential mobility influence pro-self behaviors? 3) What are the future research directions of psychological effects of residential mobility in China?

关键词居住流动性 社会支持 情感 人际互动 群体行为
DOI10.16719/j.cnki.1671-6981.20180524
语种中文
项目简介

中国科学院“率先行动”计划特色研究所项目;; 基于心理行为干预的普法宣教方案与示范课题(TSS-2015-06)的资助

CSCD记录号CSCD:CSCD
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27728
专题中国科学院心理研究所
通讯作者李岩梅
作者单位1.中国科学院心理研究所
2.中国科学院大学
第一作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
通讯作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
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GB/T 7714
戴逸茹,李岩梅. 居住流动性对心理行为的影响[J]. 心理科学,2018,41(05):1185-1191.
APA 戴逸茹,&李岩梅.(2018).居住流动性对心理行为的影响.心理科学,41(05),1185-1191.
MLA 戴逸茹,et al."居住流动性对心理行为的影响".心理科学 41.05(2018):1185-1191.
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