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事故灾难后民众创伤后应激障碍和抑郁状况
Alternative TitlePosttraumatic stress disorder and depression prevalence among enterpriseemployees after an accident disaster
布威佐热姆·艾力1,2; 程锦1,2; 梁一鸣1,2; 吴苏曼1,2; 郑士春1,2; 刘正奎1
First Author布威佐热姆·艾力
2018
Source Publication中国公共卫生
Correspondent Emailliuzk@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1001-0580
Subtype期刊论文
Volume34Issue:10Pages:1355-1359
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

目的探讨事故灾难后民众创伤后应激障碍(PTSD)和抑郁状况及其影响因素。方法 2015年10—12月,采用整群取样的方法选取天津经济技术开发区21家企业的2 456名员工,运用PTSD平民版筛查问卷(PCL-C),简版流调中心抑郁量表(CES-D-10)和简版心理韧性量表(CD-RISC-10)进行调查。结果 PTSD、抑郁、二者共病检出率分别为20.09%、28.29%、14.36%,男性的PTSD检出率以及PTSD和抑郁的共病检出率明显高于女性(22.37%vs17.27%,χ~2=9.37,P 0.05)。logistic回归分析显示,影响PTSD、抑郁和二者共病的因素分别为身体受伤(OR=2.430,P <0.001)。结论身体受伤、爆炸造成严重损失是PTSD和抑郁的风险因素,而心理韧性是PTSD和抑郁的保护因素。

Other Abstract

Objective To explore the prevalence and influencing factors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression among enterprise employees after an accident disaster. Methods We conducted a self-administered questionnaire survey among 2 456 employees selected using cluster sampling from 21 enterprises in Tianjin city from October (about two months after an accident disaster) to December 2015. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian Version (PCL-C), Center Epidemiological Studies of Depression Short Form (CES-D-10), and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale Short Form (CD-RISC-10) were adopted in the study. Results Among the employees, the overall prevalence rate of PTSD, depression, and PTSD-depression co-morbidity was 20.09%, 28.29%, and 14.36% respectively. Compared to the female employees, the male employees reported significantly higher prevalence rate of PTSD (22.37% vs. 17.27%, χ2 = 9.37, P < 0.01) and PTSDdepression co-morbidity (15.87% vs. 12.50%, χ2 = 5.33, P < 0.05); but no gender difference was observed in depression prevalence rate (χ2 = 1.12, P > 0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that impact factors for PTSD, depression and PTSD-depression co-morbidity were physically injured (for PTSD: odds ratio [OR]=2.430, P < 0.01; for depression: OR = 1.863, P < 0.05; for the co-morbidity: OR = 1.903, P < 0.05), heavy losses caused by the accident (OR = 1.343, P < 0.01; OR = 1.464, P < 0.001; OR = 1.513, P < 0.001), and mental resilience (OR = 0.335; OR = 0.274; OR = 0.275; all P < 0.001). Conclusion For the prevalence of PTSD and depression, physically injured and heavy losses caused by the accident are risk factors and the mental resilience is a protective factor among enterprise employees after the accident disaster.

Keyword事故灾难 Ptsd 影响因素 心理韧性
DOI10.11847/zgggws1117242
Language中文
Project Intro.

中国科学院“率先行动”计划特色研究所项目(TSS-2015-06);中国科学院学部咨询评议项目(Y7CX134003)

CSCD IDCSCD:CSCD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27732
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding Author刘正奎
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学心理学系
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
布威佐热姆·艾力,程锦,梁一鸣,等. 事故灾难后民众创伤后应激障碍和抑郁状况[J]. 中国公共卫生,2018,34(10):1355-1359.
APA 布威佐热姆·艾力,程锦,梁一鸣,吴苏曼,郑士春,&刘正奎.(2018).事故灾难后民众创伤后应激障碍和抑郁状况.中国公共卫生,34(10),1355-1359.
MLA 布威佐热姆·艾力,et al."事故灾难后民众创伤后应激障碍和抑郁状况".中国公共卫生 34.10(2018):1355-1359.
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