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Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults’ Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience
Zhang, Jinfeng1,2,3; Zhang, Jianxin1; Zhou, Mingjie1; Yu, Nancy Xiaonan2
First AuthorZhang, Jinfeng
2018-06-01
Source PublicationSocial Indicators Research
Correspondent Emailzhoumj@psych.ac.cn
ISSN03038300
Subtypearticle
Volume137Issue:3Pages:949-963
Contribution Rank1
AbstractThe ecological model stresses the importance of the neighborhood context to aging successfully. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the associations between neighborhood characteristics (public space, senior population density, and senior service) and the well-being of older adults, with sense of community as a potential mediator and personal resilience as a potential moderator. The sample consisted of 628 individuals (aged 60–97 years) recruited from 32 neighborhoods in Beijing, China. They completed measures of resilience, sense of community, and well-being. Neighborhood characteristics, including per capita public space, senior population density, and senior services, were obtained from neighborhood committees. We used hierarchical linear modeling to analyze the individual data from participants’ self-reported measures and objective data regarding neighborhoods. The results showed that: (a) public space, senior population density, and senior services were positively associated with the well-being of older adults; (b) sense of community mediated the above associations; (c) the associations between neighborhood characteristics—such as per capita public space, senior services, and well-being—were strengthened by personal resilience. This study highlighted the importance of neighborhoods to older adult’s well-being, including objective characteristics and a subjective sense of community. Besides personal strength, enhancing neighborhood resources is recommended to promote the well-being of elderly people. © 2017, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.
KeywordNeighborhood Well-being Sense of community Resilience Older adults
Subject AreaElderly Population - Modeling - Neighborhood - Public Service - Public Space
DOI10.1007/s11205-017-1626-0
Indexed BySSCI ; EI
Language英语
Project Intro.We thank Dr. Wanxin Li (Department of Public Policy, City University of Hong Kong) and the anonymous reviewers for very helpful comments. This study was supported by CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
PublisherSpringer Netherlands
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Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27765
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhou, Mingjie
Affiliation1.CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 16 Lincui Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing; 100101, China;
2.Department of Applied Social Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong;
3.School of Public Affairs, Chongqing University, Chongqing; 400044, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Jinfeng,Zhang, Jianxin,Zhou, Mingjie,等. Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults’ Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience[J]. Social Indicators Research,2018,137(3):949-963.
APA Zhang, Jinfeng,Zhang, Jianxin,Zhou, Mingjie,&Yu, Nancy Xiaonan.(2018).Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults’ Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience.Social Indicators Research,137(3),949-963.
MLA Zhang, Jinfeng,et al."Neighborhood Characteristics and Older Adults’ Well-Being: The Roles of Sense of Community and Personal Resilience".Social Indicators Research 137.3(2018):949-963.
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