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Early distinction between shame and guilt processing in an interpersonal context
Zhu, Ruida1,2,3,4; Wu, Haiyan5; Xu, Zhenhua6; Tang, Honghong7; Shen, Xueyi1,2,3,4; Mai, Xiaoqin6; Liu, Chao1,2,3,4
First AuthorZhu, Ruida
2019-01-02
Source PublicationSOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE
Correspondent Emailmaixq@ruc.edu.cn ; liuchao@bnu.edu.cn
ISSN1747-0919
SubtypeArticle
Volume14Issue:1Pages:53-66
Contribution Rank5
Abstract

Shame and guilt have been compared in many behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. However, the time course of shame and guilt processing remains unknown. We conducted an event-related potential (ERP) study to investigate the temporal dynamics of shame and guilt in an interpersonal context. Behaviorally, participants reported "shame" when their wrong advice was correctly rejected by a confederate, whereas reported "guilt" when their wrong advice resulted in economic loss of a confederate. The ERP results showed significant difference between the shame and guilt conditions in the early P2 component (140-220 ms) over the frontal region and the alpha oscillations (240-1000 ms) over the parietal region. No significant difference was found between the shame and guilt conditions in the N2, P3, and theta oscillations. These results supported previous findings that shame compared to guilt involves more self-referential processing, whereas guilt compared to shame involves more empathetic processing, and provided evidence that the distinction between shame and guilt could occur in an early stage.

KeywordShame Guilt Self-referential Processing Empathetic Processing Event Related Potential
DOI10.1080/17470919.2017.1391119
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectResearch Funds of Renmin University of China[15XNLQ05] ; National Program for Support of Top-notch Young Professionals ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission[Z151100003915122] ; Major Project of National Social Science Foundation[12ZD228] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31771206] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31400888] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31170971] ; National Basic Research Program of China[2013CB837300] ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFC0803402] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFC0803402] ; National Basic Research Program of China[2013CB837300] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31170971] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31400888] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[31771206] ; Major Project of National Social Science Foundation[12ZD228] ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission[Z151100003915122] ; National Program for Support of Top-notch Young Professionals ; Research Funds of Renmin University of China[15XNLQ05]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000452724400005
PublisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
WOS KeywordTemporal Features ; Cognitive Control ; Negativity Bias ; Decision Time ; Brain ; P300 ; Information ; Erp ; Component ; Reflects
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/27954
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorMai, Xiaoqin; Liu, Chao
Affiliation1.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, 59 Xinjiekouwai St, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
2.Beijing Normal Univ, IDG McGovern Inst Brain Res, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, Ctr Collaborat & Innovat Brain & Learning Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Normal Univ, Beijing Key Lab Brain Imaging & Connect, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Renmin Univ China, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100872, Peoples R China
7.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Econ & Business Adm, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Ruida,Wu, Haiyan,Xu, Zhenhua,et al. Early distinction between shame and guilt processing in an interpersonal context[J]. SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE,2019,14(1):53-66.
APA Zhu, Ruida.,Wu, Haiyan.,Xu, Zhenhua.,Tang, Honghong.,Shen, Xueyi.,...&Liu, Chao.(2019).Early distinction between shame and guilt processing in an interpersonal context.SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE,14(1),53-66.
MLA Zhu, Ruida,et al."Early distinction between shame and guilt processing in an interpersonal context".SOCIAL NEUROSCIENCE 14.1(2019):53-66.
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