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Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces
Yao, Nisha1,2; Chen, Siqi1; Qian, Mingyi1
First AuthorYao, Nisha
2018-12-01
Source PublicationPSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
Correspondent Emailqmy@pku.edu.cn
ISSN0165-1781
SubtypeArticle
Volume270Pages:474-482
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

Recent work has suggested that anxiety restricts working memory capacity, which may underlie a wide range of cognitive symptoms in anxiety. However, previous literature on the anxiety-visual working memory association yielded mixed results, with some studies demonstrating an anxiety-related increase in visual working memory capacity. In an attempt to gain a more thorough understanding of the relationship between anxiety and visual working memory maintenance function, the current study examined the influence of trait anxiety on visual working memory capacity and resolution for negative, positive, and neutral faces in a large unselected sample, by conducting two different experiments. Experiment 1 used a change-detection task to estimate visual working memory capacity, while Experiment 2 used a modified time-delay estimation task to measure memory precision. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to analyze the relationship between trait anxiety, emotional valence, and visual working memory. Results showed that trait anxiety was associated with decreased visual working memory capacity for faces in a valence-independent manner, whereas anxiety-related change in visual working memory resolution was not significant. This pattern of results was discussed in light of the theories of anxiety and visual working memory.

KeywordTrait Anxiety Working Memory Capacity Visual Working Memory Working Memory Resolution Emotion
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2018.10.018
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31571127] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31571127]
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000454972600067
PublisherELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
WOS KeywordShort-term-memory ; Attention Bias Modification ; Facial Expressions ; Emotional Content ; Representations ; Performance ; Angry ; Metaanalysis ; Maintenance ; Identity
Citation statistics
Cited Times:1[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28041
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorQian, Mingyi
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Sch Psychol & Cognit Sci, Beijing Key Lab Behav & Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Techn, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yao, Nisha,Chen, Siqi,Qian, Mingyi. Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2018,270:474-482.
APA Yao, Nisha,Chen, Siqi,&Qian, Mingyi.(2018).Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,270,474-482.
MLA Yao, Nisha,et al."Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 270(2018):474-482.
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