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Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces
Yao, Nisha1,2; Chen, Siqi1; Qian, Mingyi1
通讯作者Qian, Mingyi(qmy@pku.edu.cn)
2018-12-01
发表期刊PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
ISSN0165-1781
卷号270页码:474-482
摘要Recent work has suggested that anxiety restricts working memory capacity, which may underlie a wide range of cognitive symptoms in anxiety. However, previous literature on the anxiety-visual working memory association yielded mixed results, with some studies demonstrating an anxiety-related increase in visual working memory capacity. In an attempt to gain a more thorough understanding of the relationship between anxiety and visual working memory maintenance function, the current study examined the influence of trait anxiety on visual working memory capacity and resolution for negative, positive, and neutral faces in a large unselected sample, by conducting two different experiments. Experiment 1 used a change-detection task to estimate visual working memory capacity, while Experiment 2 used a modified time-delay estimation task to measure memory precision. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to analyze the relationship between trait anxiety, emotional valence, and visual working memory. Results showed that trait anxiety was associated with decreased visual working memory capacity for faces in a valence-independent manner, whereas anxiety-related change in visual working memory resolution was not significant. This pattern of results was discussed in light of the theories of anxiety and visual working memory.
关键词Trait anxiety Working memory capacity Visual working memory Working memory resolution Emotion
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2018.10.018
收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China
资助项目National Natural Science Foundation of China[31571127]
WOS研究方向Psychiatry
WOS类目Psychiatry
WOS记录号WOS:000454972600067
出版者ELSEVIER IRELAND LTD
关键词[WOS]SHORT-TERM-MEMORY ; ATTENTION BIAS MODIFICATION ; FACIAL EXPRESSIONS ; EMOTIONAL CONTENT ; REPRESENTATIONS ; PERFORMANCE ; ANGRY ; METAANALYSIS ; MAINTENANCE ; IDENTITY
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28041
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者Qian, Mingyi
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Sch Psychol & Cognit Sci, Beijing Key Lab Behav & Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Techn, Inst Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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Yao, Nisha,Chen, Siqi,Qian, Mingyi. Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2018,270:474-482.
APA Yao, Nisha,Chen, Siqi,&Qian, Mingyi.(2018).Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,270,474-482.
MLA Yao, Nisha,et al."Trait anxiety is associated with a decreased visual working memory capacity for faces".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 270(2018):474-482.
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