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Strategy Bias in the Emotion Regulation of High Trait Anxiety Individuals: An Investigation of Underlying Neural Signatures Using ERPs
Pan, Dong-ni1,2; Wang, Yi1,2; Li, Xuebing1,2
First AuthorPan, Dong-ni
2019
Source PublicationNEUROPSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emaillixb@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0894-4105
SubtypeArticle
Volume33Issue:1Pages:111-122
Abstract

Objective: Previous studies have employed self-report measures to investigate emotion regulation (ER) strategy biases in individuals with anxiety. We investigated the neural signatures underlying ER strategy biases. Method: Twenty individuals with high trait anxiety (HTA) and twenty individuals with low trait anxiety (LTA) completed both the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and ER tasks. During the tasks, participants were required to passively view, reappraise, and suppress expression while viewing negative images. Event-related potential (ERP) indexes: P2 (an early positive component of the latency around 200ms) and late positive potential (LPP) were adopted to examine the reliability of ER strategy bias in early and later stages during ER procedure. Results: Results of the questionnaire indicated that trait anxiety level was positively correlated with habitual suppression use. ERP results revealed that, in LTA individuals. P2 amplitudes were reduced during both reappraisal and suppression strategy use. HTA individuals, however, showed no significant differences in P2 amplitudes between passive-view and regulation conditions. Furthermore, during the reappraisal block, a reduction of LPP was only observed in the LTA group, while HTA individuals showed a relatively more pronounced reduction in LPP during the application of the suppression strategy. Conclusion: Individuals in the HTA group do not demonstrate the application of effectively strategies during the initial stages of ER process, perhaps due to the presence of an automatic negative bias. While during the later stages of ER. HTA individuals demonstrated successful use of suppression but were deficient in voluntarily applying reappraisal techniques.

KeywordEmotion Regulation Reappraisal Suppression Anxiety Strategy Bias
DOI10.1037/neu0000471
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Neurosciences ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000455103400009
PublisherAMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
WOS KeywordEvent-related Potentials ; Generalized Anxiety ; Cognitive Reappraisal ; Attentional Bias ; Electrophysiological Evidence ; Electrocortical Response ; Vigilance-avoidance ; Time-course ; Suppression ; Sensitivity
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28099
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Xuebing
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Pan, Dong-ni,Wang, Yi,Li, Xuebing. Strategy Bias in the Emotion Regulation of High Trait Anxiety Individuals: An Investigation of Underlying Neural Signatures Using ERPs[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,2019,33(1):111-122.
APA Pan, Dong-ni,Wang, Yi,&Li, Xuebing.(2019).Strategy Bias in the Emotion Regulation of High Trait Anxiety Individuals: An Investigation of Underlying Neural Signatures Using ERPs.NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,33(1),111-122.
MLA Pan, Dong-ni,et al."Strategy Bias in the Emotion Regulation of High Trait Anxiety Individuals: An Investigation of Underlying Neural Signatures Using ERPs".NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 33.1(2019):111-122.
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