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Development of Neural Mechanisms in Emotional Conflict Adaptation: A Comparison of Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults
Li, Danfeng1,2; Liu, Tongran1,2; Shi, Jiannong1,2,3
First AuthorLi, Danfeng
2019-02-01
Source PublicationNEUROPSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailliutr@psych.ac.cn ; shijn@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0894-4105
SubtypeArticle
Volume33Issue:2Pages:222-233
Abstract

Objective: This study explored behavioral and electrophysiological age-related changes in conflict adaptation to emotional stimuli among children, adolescents, and young adults. Method: Children (N = 35, M-age = 10.72 years), adolescents (N = 35, M-age = 13.34 years), and young adults (N = 30, M-age = 21.82 years) were administered cognitive control tasks on emotional stimulus-stimulus (S-S) conflict and stimulus-response (S-R) conflict while event-related potential (ERP) signals were recorded. Results: The behavioral results (response time [RT] and error rate) showed that all age groups exhibited reliable conflict adaptation effect (CAE) to emotional stimuli, and conflict adaptation performance improved with age. A similar developmental pattern was observed when the ERP magnitudes of the CAE to emotional stimuli (N2 amplitude, N2 latency, and early P3 latency) were compared. Participants performed better on conflict adaptation to emotional S-S stimuli when compared with the S-R stimuli (RT-CAE, N2 amplitude-CAE and late P3 amplitude-CAE), and only children performed better conflict adaptation to emotional S-S stimuli than on S-R stimuli in terms of error rates. Conclusion: Children, adolescents, and young adults all presented reliable behavioral and electrophysiological conflict adaptation to emotional stimuli, and participants exhibited improved performance on conflict adaptation with age across the 3 age groups in emotional contexts. Moreover, all the age groups showed distinct cognitive control of emotional S-S and S-R conflict, and conflict adaptation to emotional S-S stimuli may mature earlier than S-R conflict. This study offers insight into how the processing of emotional stimuli affects cognitive control processes from a developmental perspective. This is the first study to explore behavioral and electrophysiological age-related changes in conflict adaptation to emotional stimuli among children, adolescents, and young adults. The present study offers insight into how the processing of emotional stimuli affects cognitive processes from a developmental perspective.

KeywordConflict Adaptation Emotional Stimuli Event-related Potentials Children Adolescents
DOI10.1037/neu0000519
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectCAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31370020] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31370020] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaPsychology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Clinical ; Neurosciences ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000457254300008
PublisherAMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC
WOS KeywordCognitive Control ; Executive Functions ; Integrative Theory ; Stimulus-stimulus ; Simon ; Task ; Activation ; Cortex ; Common ; Brain
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28217
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Tongran; Shi, Jiannong
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Danfeng,Liu, Tongran,Shi, Jiannong. Development of Neural Mechanisms in Emotional Conflict Adaptation: A Comparison of Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,2019,33(2):222-233.
APA Li, Danfeng,Liu, Tongran,&Shi, Jiannong.(2019).Development of Neural Mechanisms in Emotional Conflict Adaptation: A Comparison of Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults.NEUROPSYCHOLOGY,33(2),222-233.
MLA Li, Danfeng,et al."Development of Neural Mechanisms in Emotional Conflict Adaptation: A Comparison of Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults".NEUROPSYCHOLOGY 33.2(2019):222-233.
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