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Conflict Adaptation in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children: Evidence From Emotional Contexts
Li, Danfeng1,2; Liu, Tongran1,2; Shi, Jiannong1,2,3
First AuthorDanfeng Li
2019-01-29
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE
Correspondent Emailliutr@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1662-5161
SubtypeArticle
Volume13Pages:12
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

This research investigated the individual behavioral and electrophysiological differences during emotional conflict adaptation processes in preschool children. Thirty children (16 girls, mean age 5.44 +/- 0.28 years) completed an emotional Flanker task (stimulusstimulus cognitive control, S-S) and an emotional Simon task (stimulus-response cognitive control, S-R). Behaviorally, the 5-year-old preschool children exhibited reliable congruency sequence effects (CSEs) in the emotional contexts, with faster response times (RTs) and lower error rates in the incongruent trials preceded by an incongruent trial (il trial) than in the incongruent trials preceded by a congruent trial (cl trial). Regarding electrophysiology, the children demonstrated longer N2 and P3 latencies in the incongruent trials than in the congruent trials during emotional conflict control processes. Importantly, the boys showed a reliable CSE of N2 amplitude when faced with fearful target expression. Moreover, 5-year-old children showed better emotional CSEs in response to happy targets than to fearful targets as demonstrated by the magnitude of CSEs in terms of the RT, error rate, N2 amplitude and P3 latency. In addition, the results demonstrated that 5-year-old children processed S-S emotional conflicts and S-R emotional conflicts differently and performed better on S-S emotional conflicts than on S-R emotional conflicts according to the comparison of the RT-CSE and P3 latency-CSE values. The current study provides insight into how emotionally salient stimuli affect cognitive processes among preschool children.

KeywordConflict Adaptation Congruency Sequence Effects Facial Expressions Preschool Children Eventrelated Potential
DOI10.3389/fnhum.2019.00014
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectCAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31370020] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31370020] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000457196700001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordCognitive Control ; Inhibitory Control ; Executive Function ; Task ; Mechanisms ; Stimulus ; Simon ; Activation ; Congruent ; Trials
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28238
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Tongran
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Danfeng,Liu, Tongran,Shi, Jiannong. Conflict Adaptation in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children: Evidence From Emotional Contexts[J]. FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,2019,13:12.
APA Li, Danfeng,Liu, Tongran,&Shi, Jiannong.(2019).Conflict Adaptation in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children: Evidence From Emotional Contexts.FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE,13,12.
MLA Li, Danfeng,et al."Conflict Adaptation in 5-Year-Old Preschool Children: Evidence From Emotional Contexts".FRONTIERS IN HUMAN NEUROSCIENCE 13(2019):12.
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