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One of us? how facial and symbolic cues to own-versus other-race membership influence access to perceptual awareness
Yuan, Jie1,2,3,4; Hu, Xiaoqing5,6; Chen, Jian7; Bodenhausen, Galen, V8; Fu, Shimin9
First AuthorJie Yuan
2019-03-01
Source PublicationCOGNITION
Correspondent Emailxiaoqinghu@hku.hk (x. hu) ; fusm@gzhu.edu.cn (s. fu)
ISSN0010-0277
SubtypeArticle
Volume184Pages:19-27
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

Information that conveys racial group membership plays a powerful role in influencing people's information processing including perceptual, memory and evaluative judgments. Yet whether own- and other-race information can differentially impact people's perceptual awareness at a preconscious level remains unclear. Employing a breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) paradigm, we investigated whether compared with other-race stimuli, participants' own-race stimuli would be prioritized to gain privileged access to perceptual awareness. Across five experiments (N = 136), we firstly found that participants' own-race faces enjoyed privileged access to perceptual awareness (Experiment 1). In Experiments 2-5, we employed an associative training task to establish associations between otherwise arbitrary visual stimuli and own- vs. other-racial groups. Although otherwise arbitrary visual stimuli were prioritized to represent one's own race (vs. other-race) during the training, own- and other-race representing stimuli did not differ in their potency in entering perceptual awareness. This dissociation was further corroborated by Bayesian analyses and an internal meta-analysis. Taken together, our findings suggest that people's perceptual expertise with their own-race members' faces plays a determining role in shaping perceptual awareness. In contrast, newly learned race-representing stimuli did not influence early perceptual selection processes as indicated by the time they take to emerge into perceptual awareness.

KeywordOwn-race bias Face processing Breaking continuous flash suppression (b-CFS) Interocular suppression Associative training Perceptual awareness
DOI10.1016/j.cognition.2018.12.003
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding Project[27610617] ; General Research Fund of Hong Kong Research Grants Council[17601318] ; Initiative Scientific Research Program, Tsinghua University, China[2011202177] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31371142] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31700953] ; National Postdoctoral Program for Innovative Talents[BX201600187]
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000457513200003
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
WOS KeywordPREFERENTIAL ACCESS ; CORTICAL RESPONSES ; FACE RECOGNITION ; GROUP BIAS ; SELF ; PREJUDICE ; ATTENTION ; BRAIN ; ADVANTAGE ; COGNITION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28344
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorHu, Xiaoqing; Fu, Shimin
Affiliation1.South China Normal Univ, Ctr Studies Psychol Applicat, Sch Psychol, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Mental Hlth & Cognit Sci, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Techn, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Psychol, Dept Biomed Engn, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Hong Kong, Dept Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
6.HKU Shenzhen Inst Res & Innovat, Shenzhen, Peoples R China
7.Univ Melbourne, Sch Psychol Sci, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
8.Northwestern Univ, Dept Psychol, Evanston, IL USA
9.Guangzhou Univ, Ctr Brain & Cognit Sci, Sch Educ, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yuan, Jie,Hu, Xiaoqing,Chen, Jian,et al. One of us? how facial and symbolic cues to own-versus other-race membership influence access to perceptual awareness[J]. COGNITION,2019,184:19-27.
APA Yuan, Jie,Hu, Xiaoqing,Chen, Jian,Bodenhausen, Galen, V,&Fu, Shimin.(2019).One of us? how facial and symbolic cues to own-versus other-race membership influence access to perceptual awareness.COGNITION,184,19-27.
MLA Yuan, Jie,et al."One of us? how facial and symbolic cues to own-versus other-race membership influence access to perceptual awareness".COGNITION 184(2019):19-27.
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