PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation
Zhang, Xin1,2; Lecce, Serena3; Ceccato, Irene3; Cavallini, Elena3; Zhang, Linfang1,2; Chen, Tianyong4
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Xin(zhang.x@pku.edu.cn)
2018-12-02
Source PublicationAGING & MENTAL HEALTH
ISSN1360-7863
Volume22Issue:12Pages:1592-1599
AbstractObjective: Recently, motivation has been found to attenuate the age-related decline in Theory of Mind (ToM) performance (i.e. faux pas recognition). However, whether or not this effect could be generalized to other ToM tasks is still unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether and how motivation could enhance older adults' performance and reduce age differences in ToM tasks (Faux Pas vs. Animation task) that differ in familiarity. Method: Following a previous paradigm, 171 Chinese adults (87 younger adults and 84 older adults) were recruited, and we experimentally manipulated the level of perceived closeness between participants and the experimenter before administering the ToM tasks in order to enhance participants' motivation. Results: Results showed that, for the Faux Pas task, we replicated previous findings such that older adults under the enhanced motivation conditions performed equally well as younger adults. Conversely, for the Animation task, younger adults outperformed older adults, regardless of motivation. Discussion: These results indicate that motivation can enhance older adults' performance in ToM tasks, however, this beneficial effect cannot be generalized across ToM tasks.
KeywordMotivation Theory of Mind (ToM) Faux Pas Animation task
DOI10.1080/13607863.2017.1376313
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31400 891] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400 891]
WOS Research AreaGeriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectGeriatrics & Gerontology ; Gerontology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000458156700009
PublisherROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
WOS KeywordAGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION ; DECISION-MAKING ; FRONTAL VARIANT ; MENTAL STATES ; ASSOCIATIONS ; ATTRIBUTION ; FAMILIARITY ; PERCEPTION ; ENGAGEMENT
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28356
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhang, Xin
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Sch Psychol & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Beijing Key Lab Behav & Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Pavia, Dept Brain & Behav Sci, Pavia, Italy
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Xin,Lecce, Serena,Ceccato, Irene,et al. Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation[J]. AGING & MENTAL HEALTH,2018,22(12):1592-1599.
APA Zhang, Xin,Lecce, Serena,Ceccato, Irene,Cavallini, Elena,Zhang, Linfang,&Chen, Tianyong.(2018).Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation.AGING & MENTAL HEALTH,22(12),1592-1599.
MLA Zhang, Xin,et al."Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation".AGING & MENTAL HEALTH 22.12(2018):1592-1599.
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[Zhang, Xin]'s Articles
[Lecce, Serena]'s Articles
[Ceccato, Irene]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[Zhang, Xin]'s Articles
[Lecce, Serena]'s Articles
[Ceccato, Irene]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[Zhang, Xin]'s Articles
[Lecce, Serena]'s Articles
[Ceccato, Irene]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.