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Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation
Zhang, Xin1,2; Lecce, Serena3; Ceccato, Irene3; Cavallini, Elena3; Zhang, Linfang1,2; Chen, Tianyong4
通讯作者Zhang, Xin(zhang.x@pku.edu.cn)
2018-12-02
发表期刊AGING & MENTAL HEALTH
ISSN1360-7863
卷号22期号:12页码:1592-1599
摘要Objective: Recently, motivation has been found to attenuate the age-related decline in Theory of Mind (ToM) performance (i.e. faux pas recognition). However, whether or not this effect could be generalized to other ToM tasks is still unknown. In the present study, we investigated whether and how motivation could enhance older adults' performance and reduce age differences in ToM tasks (Faux Pas vs. Animation task) that differ in familiarity. Method: Following a previous paradigm, 171 Chinese adults (87 younger adults and 84 older adults) were recruited, and we experimentally manipulated the level of perceived closeness between participants and the experimenter before administering the ToM tasks in order to enhance participants' motivation. Results: Results showed that, for the Faux Pas task, we replicated previous findings such that older adults under the enhanced motivation conditions performed equally well as younger adults. Conversely, for the Animation task, younger adults outperformed older adults, regardless of motivation. Discussion: These results indicate that motivation can enhance older adults' performance in ToM tasks, however, this beneficial effect cannot be generalized across ToM tasks.
关键词Motivation Theory of Mind (ToM) Faux Pas Animation task
DOI10.1080/13607863.2017.1376313
收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China
资助项目National Natural Science Foundation of China[31400 891]
WOS研究方向Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychiatry
WOS类目Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Gerontology ; Psychiatry
WOS记录号WOS:000458156700009
出版者ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
关键词[WOS]AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION ; DECISION-MAKING ; FRONTAL VARIANT ; MENTAL STATES ; ASSOCIATIONS ; ATTRIBUTION ; FAMILIARITY ; PERCEPTION ; ENGAGEMENT
引用统计
被引频次:7[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28356
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Zhang, Xin
作者单位1.Peking Univ, Sch Psychol & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Peking Univ, Beijing Key Lab Behav & Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Pavia, Dept Brain & Behav Sci, Pavia, Italy
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Zhang, Xin,Lecce, Serena,Ceccato, Irene,et al. Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation[J]. AGING & MENTAL HEALTH,2018,22(12):1592-1599.
APA Zhang, Xin,Lecce, Serena,Ceccato, Irene,Cavallini, Elena,Zhang, Linfang,&Chen, Tianyong.(2018).Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation.AGING & MENTAL HEALTH,22(12),1592-1599.
MLA Zhang, Xin,et al."Plasticity in older adults' theory of mind performance: the impact of motivation".AGING & MENTAL HEALTH 22.12(2018):1592-1599.
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