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焦虑症、抑郁症患者的生活方式与心理控制源特征研究
Alternative TitleStudy on th e Characters of Locu s of Control, the Life Style of the patients with Anxiety and Depression
郭萍
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor高文斌
2011-05
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline医学心理学
Keyword生活方式 心理控制源 焦虑 抑郁
Abstract

目的探究焦虑症、抑郁症患者生活方式与心理控制源的特征,并分析心理控制源和生活方式不同层面对焦虑症和抑郁症的影响。

方法从2011年3月一4月来本院就诊的门诊和住院的患者中,分别选取焦虑和抑郁患者及正常对照各44人,并进行一般资料、焦虑自评量表、抑郁自评量表、心理控制源量表和生活方式等问卷测查,将其中的焦虑自评量表和抑郁自评量表转换为标准分,采用SPSS 11. 5软件包对心理控制源和生活方式的不同层面对焦虑和抑郁的影响进行统计分析。

结果共获取有效问卷126份,其中,焦虑症患者42例,抑郁症患者48例,正常对照36份。受试焦虑症患者的SAS平均得分为(64. 18士10. 73)分,主要表现为内控性特征,具有随其生活方式各层面质量的下降而力「}重的趋势,且其焦虑程度在生活满意度和人际关系方面的组间有差异(P<0. 05 );受检抑郁症患者表现外控性特征,其SDS平均分值为(67. 82士9. 56),具有随其生活方式各层面质量的下降而力I I重的趋势,其抑郁程度在生活满意度和人际关系方面低于正常受试者(P<0. 05 )。

结论在心理控制源方面,焦虑症患者主要表现为内控性特征,而抑郁症患者表现为外控性特征,两种症状的严重程度均与生活方式关系密切。

Other Abstract

Objective To investigate the type of locus of control and life style with the symptoms of anxiety and depression and to explore the relationship between locus of control, life style and the symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Meth.ds 44 patients with depression were chosen and tested with the scales of Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), mufti-dimensional health locus of control scale (MI}LC), life-style inventory and also the basic information,so did the 44 patients with anxiety and 44 normal people. The correlation between the different sub-scales of locus of control and life style and the symptoms of anxiety and depression was analyzed Results 126 valid scales were received, among them are 42 patients with anxiety, 48 depression and 36 normal people. Patients with anxiety have the internal controlled trait,with the mean SAS score 64.18士 10.73, the anxious level has negative correlation with the life style and lower than normal people in satisfaction for life and interpersonal relation(P

Concluso.n the patients with anxiety have the internal controlled trait while the depressive patients have the power-other controlled trait, and the severity of the two symptoms have the correlation with the life style.

Pages49
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28366
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
郭萍. 焦虑症、抑郁症患者的生活方式与心理控制源特征研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2011.
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