|Alternative Title||The Ro1e of Curiosity in Relation between Children's Cretivity end Intelligence|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||智力 创造力 好奇心 阈限理论 创造性系统模型 超常/常态|
Are creative people smart? T'he relation between creativity and intelligence is a venerable problem in the psychology of creativity. Some studies indicated that creativity development was influenced by intelligence, but some arguments still exist on effect size by intelligence. Creativity system theory interpreted the relation between creativity and intelligence applied by some studiese. So the present study aimed at which factors have effect on creativity and how they work together.
Threshold theory eves discussed lgrstly, and more empirical evidences were given to validate creative system theory. Some 7 to 10 yrs old children were included in the study. The relation between intelligence and creativity was discussed in study 1. Furthermore the role of curiosity in relation between children's intelligence and creativity was discussed in study 2. The present work showed that:
Firstly, signigicant relationship existed in intelligence and creativity, but there were some different of supernormal/normal children, More effects by intelligence were on creativity of supernormal children, but it was not so on creativity of normal cildren.
Secondly，Age was a moderator between children's intellgence and creativity. Further analysis shoved that more effect size on supernormal children's intelligence and creativity had by ale, the more children's age, the more increase rate of creativity on supernormal children's creativity.
Thirdly Cross-lag panel analysis showed that, intelligence was an important cause variable9 and there was a stable relationslalp cross time between intelligence and creativity, but its effect size was low.
Fourtlaly, curiosity included epistemic curiosity and perceptual curiosity. There were no relation beween intelligence and perceptual curiosity, but not so between intelligence and epistemic curiosity. Both epistemic and perceptual curiosity had effect on creatlivity. Fifth, SEM analysis showed that, curiosity had effect on the relationship between intelligence and creativity. What's moree, the effect on creativity influenced by intelligence levels.
In summary, intelligence had effect on children's creativity. With age ldevelopment, there were different developmental trend of creativity in supernormal/normal children. Curiosity also had more effect on creativity, but the effect size depended on individual intelligence level. The present study indicated that the rehtion between intelligence and creativity couldn't be supported by threshold theory. but more evidence showed that we could understand the relation between intelligence and reativity with creativity system model.
|张国锋. 好奇心在儿童智力与创造力关系中的作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2008.|
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