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儿童气质与父母养育方式对其行为问题的影响 —一项基于北京市农村儿童的追踪研究
Alternative TitleHow chilclren's temprament and parents' rearing pattern impact on children's behavioral problem -A follow up study on childern of Beijng countryside
Thesis Advisor张建新
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Discipline医学心理学
Keyword儿童 气质 父母养育方式 行为问题






Other Abstract

The research adopted questionnaires to examine the relationship between children's temperamental characteristics, parents' rearing pattern and children's behavioral problems. The research is devided into three parts: the first, the demographic differences of children's temperament, parents' rearing pattern and children's behavioral problems; the second, the influencements on children's behavioral problems at the same period; the last is how about the influencement on children's behavioral problems after two years. Por about 779 2-3-year old children were investigated, and two years later, the part of Daxing districts follow-up investigation. The results indicates.

1 .There were age differences in temperament type and gender differences in temperament dimensions of rural children in Beijing; Significant gender and age differences were found in parents' rearing pattern; There were significant gender difference in externalizing behavior problems and age difference in internalizing behavior problems.

2. Temperament is the most important risk factor to children's behavior problems, especially on internalizing behavior problems9 parents' rearing pattern is another risk factor; the situation of pregnant of mothers can effect on externalizing behavior problems.

3. There was significant stability in externalizing behaviors, bnt less stability in internalizing behaviors.

4. The rhythmicity of children's temperament and rejection of parents' rearing pattern can predict childrcn's bchavioral problems after two years.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
朱雪娜. 儿童气质与父母养育方式对其行为问题的影响 —一项基于北京市农村儿童的追踪研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2010.
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