|Alternative Title||Envy or Unfair: Which One Is Real|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||妒忌 亲社会行为 中美被试 行为预测|
Envy is a strong emotion associated with social comparison. Although social comparison has been extensively studied in the field of organizational behavior, social comparison has been limited only in the perception of fairness. Envy and Unfairness may be intertwined with each other, because both are described constructs caused by upward social comparison. But as the two different names, the underlying essence is different. This study attempts to analyze how envy is different from unfairness in the workplace, how can unfairness and envy affect prosocial behavior, and the impact of the different nature of envy on prosocial behavior. In this research, four studies were discussed by experiments. Four studies used pseudo-subjects to trigger social comparison. The manipulation of scores and rewards in different experimental conditions were the independent variables, the subject’s help behavior was as the dependent variable. In study 1, we explored the prosocial behavior of Chinese as the envious in unfair and envy context, and how different types of envy can affect the pro-social behavior of the envious. In study 2, we investigated the prosocial behavior of Chinese subjects as the envied object in and unfair and envy context, and how different types of envy can affect the pro-social behavior of the envied. In study 3, we explored the prosocial behavior of Americans as the envious in unfair and envy context, and how different types of envy can affect the pro-social behavior of the envious. In study 4, we investigated the prosocial behavior of Americans subjects as the envied in and unfair and envy context, and how different types of envy can affect the pro-social behavior of the envied.
The results show that 1) although envy and unfairness are linked with upward social comparison, but the both were still essentially different, people were able to distinguish the two.
2) Chinese subject as the envious, the pro-social behavior in the context of unfair was higher than the prosocial behavior in the context of envy situation. Prosocial behavior in different envy situations varied, pro-social behavior in the input envy group was the highest, the output envy group followed, the input-output envy group was the lowest. The malicious envy can predict prosocial behavior of the envious significantly, but benign envy was not a significant predictor of the envious’ pro-social behavior.
3) Chinese subject as the envied, had different prosocial behavior pattern in the context of unfair and envy. The prosocial behavior in unfair group was higher than the pro-social behavior in envy Circumstances. Prosocial behavior under different envy situations were different, prosocial behavior in output envy group was the highest, followed by input envy group, input-output group was the lowest. Malicious envy can positively predicted prosocial behavior of input group and output groups. Benign envy negatively predicted prosocial behavior of input envy group and output envy group. Benign envy positively predicted prosocial behavior of input-output group; malicious envy negatively predicted pro-social behavior of input-output envy group.
4) American subject as the envious, had higher prosocial behavior in the context of unfair than in the context of envy. Prosocial behavior under different envy situations are different, prosocial behavior in input envy group was the highest, followed by output envy group, input-output envy group was the lowest. Chinese people's sense of envy and sense of unfairness are higher than the American. Chinese and Americans in the face of unfair situation, the Sino-US envy body have nearly identical prosocial behavior, in the face of all kinds of envy situation, the American pro-social behavior are lower than the Chinese people. For envy group, whether input envy group, output envy group or input-output envy group, the malicious envy predicted prosocial behavior significantly.
5) Americans subject as the envied, had higher prosocial behavior in the context of unfair than in the context of envy. Americans and Chinese had nearly the same prosocial behavior in unfair situation. In the context of envy, prosocial behavior of Americans was below that of Chinese. Malicious envy can positively predict the Americans prosocial behavior, while benign envy can negatively predict the Americans prosocial behavior.
|苏玉辉. 妒忌与不公平感：哪一个才是真实的？[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2015.|
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