PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
Alternative TitleThe Present Situation of Job Burnout of Clinical Nurses in a 3A-level general hospital and Analysis of Influencing Factors
Thesis Advisor高文斌
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline健康心理学
Keyword三甲综合医院 临床护士 职业倦怠现状 影响因素



1.某三甲综合医院临床护士职业倦怠比例高,轻微或无倦怠26%,中度倦怠54. 9%、重度倦怠19. 1%;


3.影响护士职业倦怠的因素为工龄、所在科室、每月夜班次数以及婚姻状态等。工龄超过8年临床护士人格特质及身心症状得分均高于工作1-3年的护士:急诊科或者工CU护士工作环境、倦怠及身心症状得分均高于内外科护士;每月夜班次数影响身心症状,每月夜班次数<6次(P<0. 05)或者6-10次的护士身心症状得分高于每月夜班次≥10的护士。另外己婚护士身心症状得分显著高于未婚护士。

Other Abstract

With the development of the society, reform of medical model and system, the nursing workload becomes heavier, work pressure arises. Combined with the current shortage of nurses, a variety of factors such as social status is not recognized, leads to a varying degree of nurses' job burnout. Job burnout not only has a great effect on the physical and mental health of nurses, but also has a great negative impact on patient satisfaction, nurses' work efficiency and quality of care.

This paper takes the clinical nurses of a 3A grade comprehensive hospital in Shaoxing City, Zhejiang Province as a sample to investigate the current situation of the nurses'burnout of a 3A grade comprehensive hospital, cxplorc how the pressure source of working environment, the effect of personality and coping style, and demographic information impact upon the job burnout of nurse. The objective is to provide references for nursing managers to carry out stress intervention upon nurses, maintain nurses' mental health and improve the quality of nursing service. In this paper, a questionnaire survey and statistical analysis are used to describe the dimensions of nurses' job burnout scale in a 3A grade comprehensive hospital. Correlation analysis is carried out by assuming work environment stress, personality traits, coping style and psychosomatic symptoms as independent variables, while three dimensions of occupation burnout including emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment as dependent variables. Thereafter, further multiple linear regression analysis is carried out by assuming the age, education, seniority, night shift, positions and department affiliation etc. as independent variables, while the nurse occupation burnout scale dimensions as the dependent variables to find out the main factors influencing job burnout. The main results are as follows:

1 .The proportion of job burnout among clinical nurses in a 3A grade comprehensive hospital is high, slight or no burnout holds 26%, moderate burnout holds 54.9%, and severe burnout holds 19.1%; 2. The related factors of job burnout are workload, pain confrontation and death, tense interpersonal rela9:ioz}ship in the work environment stress source and the pessimistic personality charactcristics;

3.Factors affecting the job burnout of nurses arc worl}ing age, dcpartmcnt affiliation, night shift and marital status. The personality and mental symptom for those nurses with world age over } years score higher than those with world age 1-3 years;emergency department or ICU nurses scores higher than the internal and surgical nurses for work environment, burnout and psychosomatic symptoms. The frequency of monthly night shift affects psychiatric symptoms, nurses with night shift <6 times per month (P< 0.05) or 6-10 scores higher than those with night shift >10 times for the physical and mental symptoms. In addition, scores of physical and mental symptoms of married nurses are signitlcantly higher than those of unmarried nurses.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
叶兰英. 某三甲综合医院临床护士职业倦怠现状及影响因素分析[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2017.
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