|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||自我 自我参照效应 孩子参照效应 配偶参照效应 独立我/互依我|
Study on Chinese reference effect of cultural background of important others has been a concern, the core family structure to couple children as the main members have become the main structure of contemporary Chinese family, "a mother knows", China culture therefore, the child and his mother was extremely critical of "self related others", the child will memory, cognitive and emotional aspects of the mother may have a corresponding effect. Similarly, spouses are also very important "self related others", which may have some influence on memory, cognition and emotion. Therefore, this study attempts to prove that in the China culture under the background of the presence of the mother child reference effect, which is when the mother personality traits of an adjective with her children to contact the child, the recognition scores will have their mother and self reference effect in memory of the same advantage. Similarly, there is also spouse reference response among Chinese spousesResults show that the self concept China mother contains a child, which leads to the recognition of recognition when referring to children's performance although reference their recognition scores but poor public figures than the reference recognition performance, which product Chinese mother reference effect. Secondly, we found that the age of the child to the mother according to the recognition performance, children less than 4 years of age group according to recognition of their achievements and reference to children recognition there are significant differences between grades, and children older than 4 years old group, the difference was not significant.
Study two, to pairs of spouses were tested using the R/K paradigm, "self, wife/ husband, semantic, popular, simple" eve reference conditions, using SCS scale measurement is independent, mutual couple I in my type, I further analyze the independent interdependent effects of reference should be my spouse the.
Results show that in the description of the spouse personality trait words recognition, according to their spouses and found reference R recognition Ratc difference was not significant between their R recognition rate and mass character recognition R has significant difference between the rate of R, the spouse recognition rate and mass character recognition rate between R were significantly the differcnce, to prove the existence of spouse reference effect between spouses. Self independence and individual difference have some influence on spouse reference effect. The recognition results of the low independent individuals were not significantly different from those of the reference spouse, while the recognition results of the reference spouse and the reference self recognition were significantly different between the highly independent individuals and the highly independent individuals.
|张静. 孩子和配偶参数效应[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2017.|
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