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孩子和配偶参数效应
张静
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor任孝鹏
2017-12
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword自我 自我参照效应 孩子参照效应 配偶参照效应 独立我/互依我
Abstract

在中国文化背景下重要他人参照效应的研究一直备受关注,以“夫妻一孩子”为主要成员的核心家庭结构己成为当代中国家庭的主要结构。中国文化中有“母子连心”的说法,因此,母亲是孩子极为关键的“自我相关他人”,孩子对母亲的记忆、认知和情绪等方面可能会产生相应的影响。同样,配偶之间也是极为重要的“自我相关他人”,互相之间的记忆、认知和情绪方面可能会产生一定的影响。所以,本研究试图证明,在中国文化背景下的母亲存在孩子的参照效应,也就是当母亲将人格特质形容词与她的孩子进行联系的时候,孩子的再认成绩会产生和母亲自己的自我参照效应同样的记忆优势。同理,中国配偶之间也一样存在配偶参照响应。

本文涉及两个研究,研究一:以亲子中的母亲为被试,采用R/K范式记忆参照效应研究范式,设置“自我、孩子、大众、语义、简单”五种参照条件,验证孩子参照效应的存在并探究孩子年龄对中国母亲的孩子参照效应的影响。研究表明,中国母亲的自我结构中含有孩子,参照孩子的再认成绩与参照自己的再认成绩一样好,参照孩子的再认成绩比参照大众人物的再认成绩好,即产生了中国母亲的孩子参照效应。另外研究还发现,孩子的年龄对其母亲的参照再认结果有影响,孩子年龄不足4岁组参照自己的再认结果和参照孩子的再认结果之间有显著差异,而孩子年龄超过4岁组差异却不显著。

研究二:以成对配偶双方为被试,采用R/K范式,设置“自我、妻子/丈夫、语义、大众、简单”五种参照条件,采用SCS量表测量夫妻的独立我、互依我类型,进一步分析独立我/互依我对配偶参照效应的影响。结果证明,在对配偶人格特质形容词进行再认时,发现参照自己与参照配偶的R再认率之间差异不显著,自己R再认率与大众人物R再认率之间具有显著差异,配偶R再认率与大众人物R再认率之间具有显著差异,证明在配偶之间存在配偶参照效应。自我的独立性个体差异对配偶参照效应有一定影响。低独立我个体的参照自我的再认结果与参照配偶的再认结果没有显著差异,而高独立我个体的参照配偶的再认结果和参照自我的再认结果差异显著。

Other Abstract

Study on Chinese reference effect of cultural background of important others has been a concern, the core family structure to couple children as the main members have become the main structure of contemporary Chinese family, "a mother knows", China culture therefore, the child and his mother was extremely critical of "self related others", the child will memory, cognitive and emotional aspects of the mother may have a corresponding effect. Similarly, spouses are also very important "self related others", which may have some influence on memory, cognition and emotion. Therefore, this study attempts to prove that in the China culture under the background of the presence of the mother child reference effect, which is when the mother personality traits of an adjective with her children to contact the child, the recognition scores will have their mother and self reference effect in memory of the same advantage. Similarly, there is also spouse reference response among Chinese spousesResults show that the self concept China mother contains a child, which leads to the recognition of recognition when referring to children's performance although reference their recognition scores but poor public figures than the reference recognition performance, which product Chinese mother reference effect. Secondly, we found that the age of the child to the mother according to the recognition performance, children less than 4 years of age group according to recognition of their achievements and reference to children recognition there are significant differences between grades, and children older than 4 years old group, the difference was not significant.

Study two, to pairs of spouses were tested using the R/K paradigm, "self, wife/ husband, semantic, popular, simple" eve reference conditions, using SCS scale measurement is independent, mutual couple I in my type, I further analyze the independent interdependent effects of reference should be my spouse the.

Results show that in the description of the spouse personality trait words recognition, according to their spouses and found reference R recognition Ratc difference was not significant between their R recognition rate and mass character recognition R has significant difference between the rate of R, the spouse recognition rate and mass character recognition rate between R were significantly the differcnce, to prove the existence of spouse reference effect between spouses. Self independence and individual difference have some influence on spouse reference effect. The recognition results of the low independent individuals were not significantly different from those of the reference spouse, while the recognition results of the reference spouse and the reference self recognition were significantly different between the highly independent individuals and the highly independent individuals.

Pages42
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28466
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张静. 孩子和配偶参数效应[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2017.
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