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Alternative TitleInfluence of Marital Satisfaction on Child Psychological Adaptability: Multiple Mediation Effects of Adult Attachment, Child-Parent Attachment, Parents' Emotional Expressiveness
Thesis Advisor陈毅文
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline发展与教育心理学
Keyword婚姻满意度 成人依恋 父母情绪表达 亲子依恋 儿童心理适应性




Other Abstract

The family is the basic cell of society, the first school of children's life. Parents are the earliest and most influential factors affecting children. The words and behaviors of parents influence, shape children's behavior, physical and mental health and their outlook on life and world view all the time. Therefore, the study of factors influencing children's psychological adaptability in the family system will help to fully reveal the influence of marriage and parent-child subsystem on children's psychological adaptability.

Previous studies have only focused on the developmental characteristics of children's psychological adaptability and the influence of parenting on children's psychological adaptation. The current study explored the multiple mediating effects of adult attachment, parental emotional expressiveness and parent-child attachment the psychological adaptability of children in the family system.

The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of marital satisfaction on child psychological adaptability and the multiple mediation effects of adult attachment, child-parent attachment, parents' emotional expressiveness. The study has chosen 4 common public elementary schools in Beijing. 390 pupils and their parents participated in the questionnaire survey. The results showed that parents' marital satisfaction has a positive influence on children's psychological adaptability.

Fathers' positive emotional expressiveness mediated between fathers' avoidant and father-child attachment; mothers' positive motional expressiveness partially mediated between mothers' avoidant and mother-child attachment. F'athers'(mothers') marital satisfaction influenced their children's psychological adaptability through 6 paths respectively: 1)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through fathers' avoidant, fathers' positive emotional expressiveness,child-father attachment; 2.)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through fathers'avoidant, mothers' positive emotional expressiveness, child-mother attachment; 3)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through mothers' avoidant, fathers' positive emotional expressiveness, child-father attachment; 4)fathers'(mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through mothers' avoidant, child-father attachment; 5)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through mothers' avoidant,child-mother attachments 6)fathers'(mothers') marital satisfaction influenced child psychological adaptability through mothers' avoidant, mothers' positive emotional expressivcness, child-mother attachment.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
周柳伶. 婚姻满意度对儿童心理适应性的影响:成人依恋依、父母情绪表达、亲子依恋的多重中介作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2017.
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