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婚姻满意度对儿童心理适应性的影响:成人依恋依、父母情绪表达、亲子依恋的多重中介作用
Alternative TitleInfluence of Marital Satisfaction on Child Psychological Adaptability: Multiple Mediation Effects of Adult Attachment, Child-Parent Attachment, Parents' Emotional Expressiveness
周柳伶
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor陈毅文
2017-10
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline发展与教育心理学
Keyword婚姻满意度 成人依恋 父母情绪表达 亲子依恋 儿童心理适应性
Abstract

家庭是社会的基本细胞,是儿童人生的第一所学校。父母是对儿童影响最早也是影响时间最长的因素。父母的一言一行无时无刻不在影响、塑造着儿童的行为、儿童的身心健康和儿童的人生观、世界观。因此,在家庭系统内对影响儿童心理适应性的因素进行深入探讨,有助于全面揭示婚姻、亲子子系统对儿童心理适应性的影响过程。

以往研究大多只关注了儿童心理适应性的发展特点和父母养育方式对儿童心理适应的影响。本研究在家庭系统内深入探讨了成人依恋、父母情绪表达、亲子依恋等因素对儿童心理适应性的多重中介作用。

本研究选取了北京市4所普通公立小学,对390名小学4-6年级儿童及其父母进行问卷调查,考察父母婚姻满意度对儿童心理适应性的影响,以及成人依恋、父母情绪表达和亲子依恋的多重中介作用。结果表明:父母婚姻满意度对儿童心理适应性具有正向影响。父亲积极情绪表达在父亲回避与父子依恋之间起完全中介作用;母亲积极情绪表达在母亲回避与母子依恋之间起部分中介作用。父亲(母亲)婚姻满意度分别通过6条途径影响)七童心理适应性:(1)父亲(母亲)婚姻满意度通过父亲回避,父亲积极情绪表达,父子依恋安全性影响儿童心理适应性;(2)父亲(母亲)婚姻满意度通过父亲回避,母亲积极情绪表达,母子依恋安全性影响儿童心理适应性;(3)父亲(母亲)婚姻满意度通过母亲回避,父亲积极情绪表达,父子依恋安全性影响儿童心理适应性;(4)父亲(母亲)婚姻满意度通过母亲回避,父子依恋安全性影响儿童心理适应性;(5)父亲(母亲)婚姻满意度通过母亲回避,母子依恋安全性影响儿童心理适应性;(6)父亲(母亲)婚姻满意度通过母亲回避,母亲积极情绪表达,母子依恋安全性影响儿童心理适应性。

Other Abstract

The family is the basic cell of society, the first school of children's life. Parents are the earliest and most influential factors affecting children. The words and behaviors of parents influence, shape children's behavior, physical and mental health and their outlook on life and world view all the time. Therefore, the study of factors influencing children's psychological adaptability in the family system will help to fully reveal the influence of marriage and parent-child subsystem on children's psychological adaptability.

Previous studies have only focused on the developmental characteristics of children's psychological adaptability and the influence of parenting on children's psychological adaptation. The current study explored the multiple mediating effects of adult attachment, parental emotional expressiveness and parent-child attachment the psychological adaptability of children in the family system.

The aim of the current study was to investigate the influence of marital satisfaction on child psychological adaptability and the multiple mediation effects of adult attachment, child-parent attachment, parents' emotional expressiveness. The study has chosen 4 common public elementary schools in Beijing. 390 pupils and their parents participated in the questionnaire survey. The results showed that parents' marital satisfaction has a positive influence on children's psychological adaptability.

Fathers' positive emotional expressiveness mediated between fathers' avoidant and father-child attachment; mothers' positive motional expressiveness partially mediated between mothers' avoidant and mother-child attachment. F'athers'(mothers') marital satisfaction influenced their children's psychological adaptability through 6 paths respectively: 1)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through fathers' avoidant, fathers' positive emotional expressiveness,child-father attachment; 2.)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through fathers'avoidant, mothers' positive emotional expressiveness, child-mother attachment; 3)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through mothers' avoidant, fathers' positive emotional expressiveness, child-father attachment; 4)fathers'(mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through mothers' avoidant, child-father attachment; 5)fathers' (mothers') marital satisfaction influenced psychological adaptability of children through mothers' avoidant,child-mother attachments 6)fathers'(mothers') marital satisfaction influenced child psychological adaptability through mothers' avoidant, mothers' positive emotional expressivcness, child-mother attachment.

Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28467
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
周柳伶. 婚姻满意度对儿童心理适应性的影响:成人依恋依、父母情绪表达、亲子依恋的多重中介作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2017.
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