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Forward and backward recall of serial actions: Exploring the temporal dynamics of working memory for instruction
Yang, Tian-xiao1,2; Jia, Lu-xia1,2; Zheng, Qi1,2; Allen, Richard J.3; Ye, Zheng1,4
First AuthorTian-xiao Yang
2019-02-01
Source PublicationMEMORY & COGNITION
Correspondent Emailyez@ion.ac.cn
ISSN0090-502X
SubtypeArticle
Volume47Issue:2Pages:279-291
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

The ability to flexibly retrieve and implement sequences of actions is essential to motor learning and planning. Recent research has indicated that serial memory for instructions is influenced by presentation modality (spoken vs. visual demonstration) and recall modality (verbal vs. enacted recall). The present study extended this work by investigating the impact of recall direction (forward vs. backward), in addition to that of presentation and recall modality, on working memory for instruction sequences in healthy young adults. Experiment 1 (N = 24) showed that adults were more accurate in backward than forward verbal recall following spoken instructions. In contrast, enacted recall was not influenced by recall direction. Experiment 2 (N = 24) used visual demonstration of instruction sequences and found similar performance levels in forward and backward recall. Experiment 3 (N = 24) replicated the findings from Experiment 1 and 2, along with the previous observation of an advantage for demonstrated over spoken presentation. In addition, the beneficial effects of enacted recall and visual demonstration also emerged in an analysis of response times, specifically in reduced preparation and recall duration. Demonstrated instructions improved maintenance of all items while backward recall enhanced memory of later items in the sequence. These findings provide new insights into the cognitive processes and temporal dynamics of working memory for serial actions and instructions.

KeywordWorking memory Serial memory Recall direction Enacted-recall advantage Following instructions
DOI10.3758/s13421-018-0865-x
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Natural Science Foundation of China[31400873] ; CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology[KLMH2015ZG02] ; Thousand Young Talents Program
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000460469200007
PublisherSPRINGER
WOS KeywordBLOCK-TAPPING TASK ; SHORT-TERM-MEMORY ; DIGIT RECALL ; DUAL-TASK ; III DIGIT ; ENACTMENT ; CAPACITY ; MODALITY ; ABILITY ; LIMITS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28619
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorYe, Zheng
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Leeds, Sch Psychol, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England
4.Chinese Acad Sci, CAS Ctr Excellence Brain Sci & Intelligence Techn, Inst Neurosci, Shanghai, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Tian-xiao,Jia, Lu-xia,Zheng, Qi,et al. Forward and backward recall of serial actions: Exploring the temporal dynamics of working memory for instruction[J]. MEMORY & COGNITION,2019,47(2):279-291.
APA Yang, Tian-xiao,Jia, Lu-xia,Zheng, Qi,Allen, Richard J.,&Ye, Zheng.(2019).Forward and backward recall of serial actions: Exploring the temporal dynamics of working memory for instruction.MEMORY & COGNITION,47(2),279-291.
MLA Yang, Tian-xiao,et al."Forward and backward recall of serial actions: Exploring the temporal dynamics of working memory for instruction".MEMORY & COGNITION 47.2(2019):279-291.
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