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Culture-Sex Interaction and the Self-Report Empathy in Australians and Mainland Chinese
Zhao, Qing1; Neumann, David L.2; Cao, Yuan3; Baron-Cohen, Simon4; Yan, Chao5; Chan, Raymond C. K.6; Shum, David H. K.2,6,7
First AuthorQing Zhao
Correspondent ; ;
Contribution Rank6

Empathy is the ability to understand and share other people's emotions. Researchers have debated whether Westerners and Asians differ in their self-report empathy. This study aimed to replicate a previously reported culture-sex interaction in self-report empathy using Australian and Mainland Chinese participants, to investigate the cultural differences in self-report empathy in each sex group, and to verify the moderated mediating effects of three empathy-related traits (i.e., independent self -construal, interdependent self-construal, and personal distress) on the cultural differences in self-report empathy in both sex groups. In this study, scores on two self-report questionnaires of empathy, namely, the Empathy Quotient (EQ) and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRO, were compared between 196 Australian Caucasian (101 males) and 211 Mainland Chinese (59 males) university students. Results first confirmed the significant culture-sex interaction and illustrated that the cultural differences in empathy scores were significant only for female (i.e., Australian females had higher scores than Mainland Chinese females) but not for male participants. Furthermore, results of moderated mediation analyses indicated that higher self-report empathy in both females and males was related to higher interdependent self-construal (exhibited by Mainland Chinese) and less personal distress (exhibited by Australians), and particularly in females, also related to higher independent self-construal (exhibited by Australian females). The current study is one of few studies that suggest cultural differences in empathy are dependent on the sex of the participant. Moreover, the current findings have added new insights into the explanation of cultural differences in empathy using personal distress and self-construal.

Keywordempathy cross-cultural culture-sex interaction moderated mediation analysis Australians Mainland Chinese Empathy Quotient Interpersonal Reactivity Index
Indexed BySCI
Funding ProjectAutism Research Trust ; Griffith University International Postgraduate Research Scholarship ; Griffith University Postgraduate Research Scholarship
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000460901600001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhao, Qing; Neumann, David L.; Shum, David H. K.
Affiliation1.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Sch Appl Psychol, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
2.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
3.Univ Queensland, Sch Psychol, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
4.Univ Cambridge, Autism Res Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Cambridge, England
5.East China Normal Univ, Minist Educ, Shanghai, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Dept Rehabil Sci, Hung Hom, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
Corresponding Author Affilication认知与发展心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Qing,Neumann, David L.,Cao, Yuan,et al. Culture-Sex Interaction and the Self-Report Empathy in Australians and Mainland Chinese[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2019,10:15.
APA Zhao, Qing.,Neumann, David L..,Cao, Yuan.,Baron-Cohen, Simon.,Yan, Chao.,...&Shum, David H. K..(2019).Culture-Sex Interaction and the Self-Report Empathy in Australians and Mainland Chinese.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,10,15.
MLA Zhao, Qing,et al."Culture-Sex Interaction and the Self-Report Empathy in Australians and Mainland Chinese".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 10(2019):15.
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