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Syntactic complexity and musical proficiency modulate neural processing of non-native music
Ma, Xie1,2,3; Ding, Nai4,5,6; Tao, Yun2,3; Yang, Yu Fang1
First AuthorXie Ma
2018-12-01
Source PublicationNEUROPSYCHOLOGIA
Correspondent Emailyangyf@psych.ac.cn (y.f. yang)
ISSN0028-3932
Subtypearticle
Volume121Pages:164-174
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

In music, chords are organized into hierarchical structures on the basis of musical syntax and the syntax of Western music can be implicitly acquired by listeners growing up in a Western musical culture. Here, we investigated whether Western musical syntax of different complexities can be implicitly acquired by non-native listeners growing up in China. This study used electroencephalography (EEG) to measure how the neural responses to musical sequences that either follow a simple rule, i.e., finite state grammar (FSG), or a complex rule, i.e., phrase structure grammar (PSG), are affected. We tested three groups of Chinese listeners who varied in their proficiency and experience in Western music. Only the high-proficiency group had received formal Western musical training, whereas the low- and moderate-proficiency groups varied in their degree of exposure to Western music. The results showed that in the FSG condition, the event-related potentials (ERPs) evoked by regular and irregular final chords were not significantly different in the low-proficiency group. In contrast, in the moderate- and high-proficiency groups, the irregular final chords evoked an ERAN-N5 biphasic response. In the PSG condition, however, only the high-proficiency group showed an ERAN-N5 biphasic response evoked by irregular final chords. This study provides evidence that although simple structures of Western music, such as FSG, can be acquired by long-term implicit learning, the acquisition of more complex structures, such as PSG, merely from exposure to western music may not be as easy.

KeywordSyntax Non-native music Finite state grammar Phrase structure grammar EEG
DOI10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.10.005
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding ProjectYunnan philosophy and social science planning project[QN2017043] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31660282] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31470985]
WOS Research AreaBehavioral Sciences ; Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectBehavioral Sciences ; Neurosciences ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000460855700017
PublisherPERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
WOS KeywordERP RESPONSES ; NATIVE-LIKE ; 2ND-LANGUAGE ; LANGUAGE ; BRAIN ; L2 ; FMRI ; ENCULTURATION ; EXPLANATIONS ; ORGANIZATION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28649
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding AuthorYang, Yu Fang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Yunnan Normal Univ, Coll Educ Sci & Management, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
3.Yunnan Normal Univ, Key Lab Educ Informatizat Nationalities, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
4.Zhejiang Univ, Coll Biomed Engn & Instrument Sci, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
5.Zhejiang Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Biomed Engn, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
6.Zhejiang Univ, State Key Lab Ind Control Technol, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ma, Xie,Ding, Nai,Tao, Yun,et al. Syntactic complexity and musical proficiency modulate neural processing of non-native music[J]. NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA,2018,121:164-174.
APA Ma, Xie,Ding, Nai,Tao, Yun,&Yang, Yu Fang.(2018).Syntactic complexity and musical proficiency modulate neural processing of non-native music.NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA,121,164-174.
MLA Ma, Xie,et al."Syntactic complexity and musical proficiency modulate neural processing of non-native music".NEUROPSYCHOLOGIA 121(2018):164-174.
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