|Alternative Title||Marital attitude mediated Chinese single women's Christian religiosity and psychological well-being|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||单身女性 心理幸福感 婚姻态度 基督教信仰 宗教性|
According to the data from the National Bureau of civil affairs, the number of single men and women in China has reached nearly 200 million, and the number of people living alone has risen from 6% in 1990 to 14.6% in 2013. The fourth single tide in China is characterized by a big increase in the number of single women who initiatively choose to be single, which even led to a "single economy". As an increasingly large, dynamic, and productive social group, their happiness and mental health directly affects the harmony and stability of the whole society. Meanwhile, "2010 Religion Blue Book" shows that the number of Chinese Christians has reached about 23 million. Among the believers, similar with the social mainstream, there is also a large Christian single women group, and the single female believers is much more than the single male. With the development of positive psychology and transpersonal psychology, religious experience and related psychological effects have become an important subject for scientific study, e.g., whether and how people's belief and perception about transcendent divine power impact their wellbeing. Current research on single women is mainly from the perspectives of sociology, economics, historical development and ethics, while exploration about their wellbeing and related factors from riligious psychology perspective is still in the initial stage.
The purpose of this study is to investigate Chinese marriageable single women's psychological well-being state and the impact factors, especially the impact of Christian belief, and try to check marital attitude's work as mediating variables between Christian belief and psychological well-being.
300 single women aged 25-45, of whom 153 were Christians, the other 147 were non-religious, participated. Ryff psychological well-being scale Chinese revised version, Braaten marital attitude scale Chinese revised version, and Christian religiosity scale, were used to compare Christian single women's and their non religious peers' psychological well-being and marital attitude. Similar comparison was also conducted between single women of high religiosity and their peers of low religiosity. At last, the mediating effect of marital attitude between religiosity and psychological well-being was tested. The results are as follows.
1) The average level of Chinese single women's psychological well-being is much higher than the scale median value, and their psychological well-being showed significant differences in different income and educational levels, but no significant difference in different age;
2) Believing Christ or not doesn't have significant impact on single women's psychological well-being, but believing Christ has positive impact on their marital attitudes;
3) Single women's marital attitude can positively predict their psychological well-being;
4) Christian singe women's religiosity positively correlated with their psychological well-being and marital attitude;
The Christian single women's marital attitude mediates between their religiosity and psychological well-being.
Chinese single women are self motivated and pursue self-realization with a good psychological well-being. status, whose marital attitude and PWB are closely correlated, and Christian belief impacts on the PWB mainly by their marital attitude. So, it is practicable to enhance Chinese single women's PWB by improving their marital attitude. And more attention should be paid to malting a good use of Christianity's positive role in psychological adjustment. Premarital education and consulting should be regaded with more care and be enhanced.
|赵静. 适婚单身女性的基督教信仰与心理幸福感[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2017.|
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