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Alternative TitleEffect of presention orders on cognitive processing time and estimated time
Thesis Advisor陈毅文
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword有序 无序 时间估计 加工时间





Other Abstract

Modern life has brought a lot of rich variety of information, fragmented information age makes it more and more emphasis on time management, by changing the way people understand and reduce the cognitive load,山us improving the efficiency of working life has become a hot issue. People in various ways to save time and improve the efficiency of life to adapt to the rapid development of society.

After reviewing previous studies and found that the series order may affect people's cognitive processing, especially in memory, speech and thinking and other processes. .rdcr by order to distinguish the arrangement. It can be divided into ordered and disordered. In this stu即,the first word from the verbal working memory task start time based on the classification and influence the structure of verbal noun in time estimation, design estimate verbal memory task time. Combined with the practical application of working life, and the order to study the impact of situational model, we propose scenes of life time estimation task. Consider the text of the speech and other cognitive differ0ences between representation and graphical representation of space, we choose Maven impact study ordered graphic analogical reasoning tasks on the processing time and the time estimates. In short, this paper aims from the perspective of working memory, verbal scenario model, graphics analogical reasoning, and to explore the impact on the processing sequence showing time and time estimates. Also discussed the working memory, fluid intelligence interaction mechanism, analogical reasoning, processing speed.

In this study, the survey results show that 30 pre-trial order of presentation of the speech, memory, reasoning by analogy influence trends are present, and the length experimental task of representation by Fu points system to give "the best order," Raven graphics analogical reasoning task order of the validity of different detection difficult subject screening and optimization. Followed by 13cijing area 108 adult subjects formal experiment, the researchers found that working memory task in the vocabulary, sentence time working memory task, life situations time estimation task, Raven graphics analogical reasoning task, orderly presentation performance compared disorder a shorter processing time. In the vocabulary of working memory task, Raven of the vocabulary word memory task were reduced and optimized life situations sentence graphics category reasoning task, orderly presentation disorder have a shorter compared to the estimated time. In the vocabulary of working memory task, Raven graphics analogical-reasoning tasks in complex cognitive processes arc significantly overvalued local bane phenomenon.

The results above show that orderly presentation of cognitive processing time can be reduced by the order can improve the efficiency of people's work and life, provide a reference for project management, enterprise performance management, career planning.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
李孟杰. 顺序呈现对认知加工时间和时间估计的影响[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2015.
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