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物理治疗师胜任特征研究
Alternative TitleThe Research for Competencv of Physical Therapiost
萧敦武
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor王詠
2015-10
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword康复 物理治疗师 胜任特征
Abstract

目前我国有着数量庞大的残疾人群体,这些残疾人有着巨大的康复需求。物理治疗作为康复的措施之一,目前国内从业人员一物理治疗师的素质参差不齐,其整体服务的质量、服务能力和服务水平尚需提高。本研究试图探索物理治疗师的胜任特征,为物理治疗师的选拔、教育培训等提供借鉴,从而为提高物理治疗的服务质量、服务能力和服务水平提供参考。

本研究第一步为收集要素并初步建立模型。通过检索收集国内外物理治疗师胜任特征有关的文献,整理汇总文献中的胜任特征要素,共得到57项物理治疗师胜任特征要素;参考行为事件访谈对6名专家开展访谈,通过编码分析,共得到51项物理治疗师胜任特征要素;将文献分析和访谈法的胜任特征要素汇总整理,共得到73项物理治疗师胜任特征要素,并初步构建了物理治疗师胜任特征模型,该模型包括四个领域,九个维度。

本研究第二步为编制问卷、采集数据、分析验证模型。我们根据得到的73项胜任特征要素编制了《物理治疗师胜任特征他评调查问卷》,并使用问卷调查康复从业人员,根据得到的数据,对一问卷进行项目分析、信度和效度分析,最终保留63道行为描述题,4道测谎题;同时调整了第一步研究构建的模型。根据问卷调查的数据,采用结构方程模型的方法验证调整后的物理治疗师胜任特征模型。

最终确定的物理治疗师胜任特征模型,包括知识、技能、能力、特质或动机四个领域,其中知识领域包括医学知识、政策与规范两个维度;技能领域包括评价技能、干预技能两个维度;能力领域包括教育能力、管理能力、职业发展能力、咨询与合作能力四个维度;特质或动机领域为单维度。

Other Abstract

At present, China has a huge number of people with disabilities, they have a huge rehabilitation needs. physical therapy, As one of the measures of rehabilitation, the current domestic practitioners一physical therapist uneven quality, the service capacity and service levels of them still need to improve. This study attempts to explore the physical therapist competency, provide a reference for physical therapist selection, education and training, so as to improve the service quality of physical therapy.

this study, the first step is to collect the elements and development the initial model. Searching physical therapist competency-related literature, literature analysis obtained 57 physical therapist competency elements; reference behavioral event interviews six experts to carry out interviews, through coding analysis, get 51 physical therapist competency elements; the literature analysis and interview summary order, a total of 73 competency elements for physical therapists to obtain, and initial construction of the competency model for physical therapist,that includes four domains, nine dimensions.

The second step is drawn up questionnaire, collect data, analysis to validate the model. We developed "'physical therapist competency assessment questionnaire" based on 73 competency elements form first step, and survey rehabilitation practitioners by questionnaire, according to available data, across item analysis, reliability and一 validity analysis, the final behavioral questionnaire contains 67 questions, and 4 questions for polygraph; and adjusting the model build in the first step. According to the data by survey methods used structural equation modeling to verify the adjusted physical therapist competency model.

Definitive physical therapist competency model, including four domains: knowledge; skills, abilities, traits or motives, knowledge domain including two dimensions: medical knowledge, policies and norms; skill domain including two dimensions: evaluation skills, intervention skills; field capabilities domain including four dimensions: education management ability, professional development ability, the ability to consult and cooperate; trait or motive was a single dimension.

Pages59
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28877
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
萧敦武. 物理治疗师胜任特征研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2015.
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