|Alternative Title||Corrlation of chi1dren's self-efficacy and dietary congnitive tendency, behavior in Guizhou Proince|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||儿童 自我效能感 饮食认知倾向 饮食相关行为|
儿童时期是饮食相关行为发展和形成的关键时期，饮食相关行为将会对人的一生健康产生重要的影响。因此，对儿童饮食相关行为及其影响因素的研究显得尤为重要。近年来，学者们利用结合了社会心理学、行为学、健康教育学、传播学等多学科交叉实践而产生的健康信念模式(the Health Belief Model ,HBM)和社会认知理论(the Social Cognitive Theory, SCT)对儿童饮食相关行为进行研究，提出了认知、自我效能感对行为有预测和指导作用，但目前鲜有实证研究。本研究考察贵州省省会城市和县级以下城市两大地区儿童饮食认知倾向、一般自我效能感和相关行为的关系，为政府有关部门制定儿童饮食相关行为干预策略提供科学的理论依据。
Childhood are a critical period for the development and formation of the dietary related behavior. Therefore, it is very important to study their dietary related behavior and its influencing factors. In recent years, the health belief model (HBM) and the social cognitive theory (SCT) which was born by combined the mufti-disciplinary cross practice with the social psychology, behavioral science, health education communication science has being used to study about the dietary related behavior of children. The cognition and self-efficacy has the prediction and guidance role on the behavior. But there had few empirical research. We investigated the dietary related cognitive tendency and behavior of children in the capital city and the county of Gruizhou province, and to analyzed the relationship between them. To provide theoretical basis of science for the relevant departments of the government which formulate the intervention strategies about the dietary related behavior of children. The survey object was 1500 non-resident students, they were from the fourth grade of primary school to the senior high school. Based on the regional economic level, there is used by the mufti-stage such as "region-grade-class" cluster sampling method to take the sample. After obtaining the informed consent, a group of the class was conducted to evaluate the dietary related cognitive tendency and behavior, general self efficacy. In this survey, the scores of dietary related cognitive tendency of children were: there were significant differences between boys and girls. 9-years old group was the lowest and 15- years old group were highest, the score increased with age. The general self-efficacy of children were: the regional difference is obvious, the provincial capital was higher than the county. The average total scores of the dietary related behavior of advantaged healthy were: there were different between the provincial capital and the county, the former were higher than the latter. The scores of boys' dietary choice behavior of advantaged healthy were higher than that of girls, and girls' eating habits of advantaged healthy wart higher than that of boys. the scores of eating habits of advantaged healthy were: 18- years old group was highest and 11-years old group was the lowest, the score increased with age, the difference was statistically significant. The total average scores of the dietary related behavior of disadvantaged healthy- of the children were: there were different between the provincial capital and the county, the latter wei0e higher than the former; the girls were lower than boys, the differences wart statistically significant; 18- years old was the lowest and the 11-years old was the highest. Thcrc showed significant positive correlation between the dietary related cognitive tendency and behavior of children There was a certain degree negative correlation between the dietary related cognitive tendency and the dietary related behavior of advantaged healthy of children. The partial mediation effect of the general self efficacy was significantly between the dietary cognitive tendency and the dietary related behavior of advantaged healthy. The partial mediation effect of the general self-efficacy was exist between the dietary cognitive tendency and the dietary related behavior of disadvantaged healthy.
The conclusions were:
1)The congnitive tendency and the dietary related behaviors of children who were different gender or grades were different. The dietary related education of children in underdeveloped regions is particularly urgent.
2)The children's general self-efficacy showed obvious differences in region, the econpmic development of the city children's self efficacy is generally higher than that of the county.
3)The cognitive tendency of children has a correlation with their dietary related behavior, the cognitive tendency of them will affect their choice of the related behaviors, especially for the healthy eating behavior.
4)The general self-efficacy and dietary related behaviors were significantly correlated, and which played an intermediary role in the correlation between the dietary related cognition and behavior, which can promote the occurrence of favorable health related behaviors, and weaken the occurrence of adverse health related behaviors.
|熊敏. 贵州省儿童自我效能感与饮食认知倾向及行为研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2015.|
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