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Alternative TitleVisually-impaired Adolescents' And Their Parents' Attitude Toward People With Disabilities, Self-esteem: Implicit And Explicit Perplectives


Other Abstract

At all time and in all nations, the problems of the disabled are always a common social problem. Among them, the attitude towards people with disabilities is one of the most important issues in all the problems. The negative attitude towards the disabled has adverse effects on the education, employment, medical and rehabilitation social integration and mental health of the disabled. On the basis of reviewing these literatures about the basic situation of attitude towards the disabled, its influence and measurement method, the basic situation of the disabled’s self-esteem, the influencing factors of their self-esteem, there are two studies to explore attitude, self esteem and the relationship between them. It is to select the concept and attribute words. There are 25 students with visual impairment (male:17, female:8, average age:13.88,SD:1.88). The study 1 includes two experiments. In the first, there are60 parents of the blind student as subjects from Beijing School for the Blind and Tianjin School for the Blind (mother: 38, father: 22, average age: 40.6, SD: 4.98). In the second experiment, there are 49 students with the visual impairment from the same school as subjects (boys: 34, girls: 15, average age: 14.1'7, SD: 1.91). In the two experiments, Implicit Association Test (IAT) and Scale of Attitudes Toward Disabled Persons (SADP) are used to measure the explicit and implicit- attitude towards the disabled. The study 2 also takes the group as subjects (boy: 35, girl: 16). The implicit and explicit self-esteem is measured by IAT and self-esteem scale. Through data analysis, the results show as the followings: l)parents hold positive explicit attitude and negative implicit attitude, and not related;2)students also hold positive explicit attitude and negative implicit attitude, moderate}low correlation between them; 3)the explicit attitude of mother(including misunderstanding of the behavior)is correlated to pessimism of the explicit attitude of the students and their implicit attitude; 4)students hold positive implicit self-esteem, the implicit and explicit self-esteem are not correlated to each other;5)the explicit self-esteem is related to their parents" explicit attitude toward people with disabilitics;6)there is a correlation between implicit and explicit attitude of the students and their explicit self-esteem. To sum up, we can get the following conclusions: 1) both adolescents with visual impairment and parents held a positive explicit attitude toward people with disabilities and the negative implicit attitude toward people with disabilities, the attitude toward people with disabilities is related to the explicit attitude of mothers;2) the visually impaired adolescents hold positive implicit self-esteem, it is not related to the explicit self esteem; 3)the explicit self-esteem of visually impaired adolescents is related to both the explicit attitude of their parents and their own attitude.

Keyword视障青少年 内隐残疾人态度 外显残疾人态度 内隐自尊 外显自尊
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline健康心理学
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
杨勇. 视障青少年及其父母的残疾人态度和自尊—内隐、外显的视角[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2018.
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