|Alternative Title||A Study of The Effects of Psychological Flexibility and Psychological Capital on Procrastination of Employees and lntervention|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||经验性回避 认知融合 拖延 心理资本 企业员工 接纳承诺疗法|
Studies have shown that 20% of adults are prone to delays in habits, that is one out of every five adults may have a habit of procrastination. A large body of literature indicates that people who have procrastination have long suffered from the psychological pressure caused by the deadline and the guilty pain caused by the delay, and the organization suffers from the loss caused by the delay of the staff Solving delays is a matter of concern. This study takes the delay of enterprise employees as the research object, and finds new ideas to improve the delay of enterprise employees by studying the relationship among employee procrastination and psychological flexibility and psychological capital. In addition., the study will intervene in the employee procrastination by delivering ACT and traditional time management training, thus providing evidence for ACT as a tool to enhance the psychological flexibility of employees.
Study 1:388 employees of two foreign-owned enterprises in Shanghai were selected to measure experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion, psychological capital and procrastination levels. The hypothetical path analysis model was validated by SPSS22.0, and the mediation effect of the model was tested by Bootstrap test.
Study 2: Voluntary employees were randomly divided into two groups. They received traditional time management training and time management training with ACT elements. The data of the two groups were compared by paired sample T test and independent sample T test.
Study 1: Relevant analysis shows that employees' procrastination is positively correlated with experience avoidance and cognitive fusion, negatively correlated with psychological capital, and negatively correlated with experience avoidance and cognitive fusion. Regression analysis shows that employees' experience avoidance and cognitive fusion have negative predictive effects on psychological capital respectively. Experience Avoidance and cognitive fusion have a significant
positive predictive effects on procrastination scores, and psychological capital has significant negative predictive effects on procrastination. Path analysis model shows that experience avoidance and cognitive fusion have some mediating effects on the impact of psychological capital on procrastination.
study 2: (1) Compared with the pre}training, the procrastination level of the traditional group and ACT group decreased significantly one week after the training, traditional group did not decrease significantly two weeks after the training, but ACT group decreased significantly. (2) There were no significant changes in experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion and psychological capital level in the traditional group in one week and two weeks after training, while the two post-tests of experiential avoidance, cognitive fusion and psychological capital level in ACT group decreased significantly. (3) One week after the training, the overall self evaluation of the traditional group and ACT group both decreased significantly compared with that before the training; two weeks after the training, the overall self-evaluation of the traditional group did not decrease significantly compared with that before the training, and the overall self-evaluation of the ACT group still decreased significantly.
Study 1: The lower the level of experience avoidance and cognitive fusion, the less procrastination; the higher the level of psychological capital, the less procrastination. Reducing Staff’s procrastination level may be achieved by improving staff s psychological flexibility, reducing the level of experience avoidance, cognitive fusion, or improving staff s psychological capital level. Higher psychological capital can not only directly reduce staff procrastination, but also reduce staff procrastination by reducing the level of experience avoidance and cognitive fusion.
Study 2: the delaying level of employees could be controlled by experimental intervention. Traditional time management methods and ACT+time management methods can reduce the level of delays of employees in a short time, but traditional time management methods can not improve the delays of employees for a long time, but time management training with ACT elements can. Traditional time management methods could not improve the level of employees' psychological capital, Experience Avoidance and cognitive fusion. ACT acceptance commitment therapy can improve the procrastination level by improving employees' psychological capital and reducing the leve1 of employees' Experience Avoidance and cognitive fusion.
|张洁. 企业员工心理灵活性与心理资本对拖延的影响及干预研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2018.|
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