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Alternative TitleInfluence of Value on Subjective Well-being and the Mediating Role of Ego Identity
Thesis Advisor王詠
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword价值观 自我同一性 主观幸福感 中介作用 80后





Other Abstract

Value, as the core factor in guiding and regulating individual's thinking and behavior, plays an important and fundamental role in many aspects of people's social life. Nowadays in China, the contradiction between rapidly expanding economic and less developed humanistic environment caused many psychological problems like high psychological strain, lack of happiness etc. which are quite common in young adults group who live in large cities. This paper aims to study the status quo of value priorities and subjective well-being (SWB) of the post-80s living in China major cities. Their Ego-identity status was also studied as a possible intermediary factor between values and SWB. By this way, we expect to find both theoretical and practical solutions to improve Chinese people's SWB and enhance the spiritual civilization construction.

Data were collected using questionnaires about values, SWB and ego--identity. Samples of 249 adults who were born in 1980s from Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen participated in online questionnaire survey.

The results show that: (1) Top to down, value priorities are: family, security, harmoniousness, virtue, freedom, enjoyment, relationship, tradition, success and innovation. (2) Virtue, family and relationship are positively correlated with SWB. Success and enjoyment are negatively correlated with SWB. (3) The SWB of feminine values dominated group is higher than masculine values dominated group (feminine values: harmoniousness, virtue, tradition, security, family and freedom; masculine values: success, innovation, relationship and enjoyment). The implications of these findings for research and practice are discussed. (4) Family, enjoyment, power & success were shown to influence subjective well-being through the mediating role of ego identity.

Parts of the results are consistent with Western theoretical and empirical findings. And there are also new findings which could reflect the unique characteristics of China society. This study demonstrated that for Chinese post-COs, some types of values are directly correlated with SWB, generally the fit between individuals' values and the values environment could impact SWB as well, and some values would influence SWB through the mediating role of ego identity.

Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张洋. 价值观对主观幸福感的影响及自我同一性的中介作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2015.
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