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始成年人社交孤独与关系质量的关系-性别与恋爱时长的作用
Alternative TitleRelationship between socialtion and relationship quality for emerging adults--Role of gender and relationship duration
朱迪
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor周明洁
2018-06
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline健康心理学
Keyword社交孤独 关系质量 性别 恋爱时长 调节
Abstract

目的:在个体、跨对象和匹配层而,探讨对以大学生为代表的始成年人而言,社交孤独对恋爱关系质量的预测及该过程中性别和恋爱时长的作用。

方法:选取来自7所高校的恋爱中的大学生852人(426对情侣),分别使用简版社交孤独感量表和简版感知到的关系质量量表测量大学生的社交孤独和关系质量。主要通过回归分析进行研究。

结果:基于个体数据,发现(1)恋爱时长与社交孤独、关系质量显著正相关,男性的关系质量显著高于女性。(2)社交孤独与关系质量存在显著的负向线性和正 U型曲线关系。(3)在社交孤独对关系质量的预测过程中,性别和恋爱时长均无调节作用。基于成对数据,发现(1)恋爱中个体的社交孤独与其伴侣的关系质量负向线性相关,且女性的社交孤独与其伴侣的关系质量呈正U型曲线关系。(2)恋爱时长不调节社交孤独对伴侣关系质量的预测。(3)双方社交孤独匹配一致且同时较低时关系质量最好:一致且同时较高时,关系质量也不差。双方社交孤独水平不一致时,差异越大,关系质量越好。(4)恋爱时长在社交孤独匹配预测关系质量的过程中起调节作用。

结论:对恋爱中的大学生而言,个体的社交孤独对自身一与伴侣的关系质量有所预测,双方社交孤独匹配对关系质量也有所预测,预测机制包括线性与非线性;关系质量存在性别差异,对象效应也存在性别的不对称性;恋爱时长不同,社交孤独和关系质量都有所不同,且恋爱时长在社交孤独匹配对关系质量的预测中起到一调节作用。研究较为立体的描述了恋爱中始成年人社交孤独与关系质量复杂的关系模式,也为成对缩减假说提供了新的证据。

Other Abstract

Objective:To explore from individual, counterparty, and matching perspective the relationship between social isolation(SI) and romantic relationship quality(RQ) as well as roles of gender and relationship duration(RI}) for college students as a representative group for emerging adults.

Method: Surveyed 852 college students in a relationship (426 couples) evaluating their SI with A shot scale fog measuring loneliness and RQ with Global Perceived Romantic Relationship Quality. Regression analysis was conducted for this study.

Result: With individual data, the study found: (1) RIB positively associated with SI and RQ and males' RQ were higher than that of females. (2) SI had a negative linear correlation and U-shaped curvilinear correlation with RQ. (3) Gender and RD had no moderating roles in SI affecting RQ, With paired data, the study found: (1) SI had a negative linear correlation with RQ of the partner while females' SI additionally presented a U-shaped correlation with the partner's RQ. (2) RD played no moderating roles in SI predicting RQ. (3) When both partners had low SI, RQ was the highest, yet RQ might still be high when both had high SI. The more different the partners' SI, the higher RQ might be. (4) RD played a moderating role in SI's matching predicting RQ.

Conclusion: For college dating couples, SI predicts RQ of oneself and the counterparty, and the couple's SI's matching also predicts their RQ, in a linear and curvilinear way; there is gender difference in RQ and the Party Effect of SI predicting RQ; both SI and RQ vary for adults with different RD, and RD moderates SI's matching predicting RQ of the couple. The study provides not only a multi-dimensional description of the complex relationships between SI and RQ for emerging adults in a romantic relationship, but also, new evidence to the dyadic withdraw hypothesis.

Pages60
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28897
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
朱迪. 始成年人社交孤独与关系质量的关系-性别与恋爱时长的作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2018.
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