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成人依恋在儿童期虐待与成人婚姻质量间的中介作用
Alternative TitleMediating effect pf adult attachment on relationships among childhood abuse and adulthood marital quality
董亚娜
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor陈毅文
2016-05
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline发展与教育心理学
Keyword儿童期虐待 成人依恋 婚姻质量
Abstract

近年来逐渐上升的离婚率呈现出当下婚姻质量不如人意的现实情况。本文关注儿童期虐待对婚姻质量的影响,将依恋模式作为中介变量进行研究。与既往研究相比,本研究还原个体依恋的形成过程,将婚姻质量与个体早期经历相关联,有助于进一步揭示出影响婚姻质量的个体内在原因。

采用问卷的方法分别对于儿童期虐待、成人依恋、婚姻质量进行测量。并通过独立样本t检验、相关分析以及结构方程模型进行研究分析。

研究结果:男性依恋回避、依恋焦虑和夫妻冲突得分均高于女性(均P<0.05) . 身体虐待、语言虐待对依恋回避有正向预测作用(β=0.15,均 P<0.01) ,依恋回避对夫妻互动、家庭关系有负向预测作用(β=-0.61,-0.17,均P < 0.001) 。

通过研究揭示出期虐待对于成人婚姻质量的影响,以及依恋模式的中介作用。对婚姻质量研究起到一定推动作用,同时为婚姻咨询实践工作提供一定的参考信息。

Other Abstract

In recent year, the rising divorce rate is showing a current reality of marital quality in not satisfactory. In this study, we focus on the relationship between childhood abuse and martial quality, attachment as an intermediate variable.

Compared with precious studies, this study restores the formation process of adult attachment, and the relationship between the marital quality and the early experience of individuals is helpful to reveal the internal cause of the marital quality.

In this study, the methods of questionnaire were used to measure childhood abuse attachment and marital quality. The independent sample test correlation analysis and structural equation model were used to analyze.

The results show the scores of attachment avoidance, attachment anxiety and marital conflict were higher in male married adults than female (P<0.05). Physical abuse and verbal abuse positively predicted attachment avoidance (β=0.15,0.16, P<0.01), attachment avoidance negatively predicted couple's interaction and family relationship(β=-0.61,-0.17,P< 0.001).

The research reveals the influence of childhood abuse for marital quality and the intermediary role adult attachment. Research on marital quality play a role in promoting9 at the same time for marriage counseling provide certain reference information.

Pages43
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28905
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
董亚娜. 成人依恋在儿童期虐待与成人婚姻质量间的中介作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.
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