|Alternative Title||Urban-rural Differences on Independence Self|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||独立自我 依存自我 期待特质 关系流动 城乡差异|
According to the theory of cultural psychology, affected by different subculture, urban and rural residents will build different values and are bound to show a different level of independent self showing differences in psychological and behavioral patterns. To test this hypothesis, this study selected 147 rural and 156 urban high school students (of which: 106 male, 200 female) as participants, they completed self-construal survey, symbolic self-expanding and relational mobility questionnaires and were investigated by the simulation of the really social situations.
The results of the survey urban and rural subjects showed significant regional differences. Urban high school students were more independent self and relational mobility, but there were no differences on self-dependence and symbolic aspects of self-expansion. At the same time, the results also showed that there were significant gender differences in personality traits expected of children by their parents. In other words, mothers and fathers expect daughters had more tolerant and compassionate personality traits, the mother also emphasized that his son has more responsibility this personality trait. Urban fathers more emphases nature of the dependence than rural fathers; Urban mothers more concerned about dependent and independent trait characteristics than rural mothers. In estimating he and his classmates can be admitted to the University of average probability aspect, urban high school students were more optimistic than rural high school students, however, as to the estimated national rate of college entrance examination among the total examinees, two groups of high school students did not showed any significant difference. 1n estimating he and his classmates can be admitted to the university of average probability aspect, the high school students educated by parents with high diplomas were more optimistic than those by parents with low diplomas.
Used a 2 (behavior: deception/honesty) X 2 (relationship: stranger/friend) X 2 (culture: urban/rural) factorial, within-participants design on the third factor, the results of the social situations showed that the main effect was significant. There were significant gender differences in reward friends. As to relations, the subjects rewarded friends more than strangers, while punished friends less than the strangers, and the differences were very statistically significant. About the cultural aspect, there were significant differences between urban and rural subjects in three areas of rewarding friends, punishing friends and rewarding strangers.
To investigate the urban and rural difference on depend self, the combination studies design consisting of the series of questionnaires and the social situations was used in assumption was validated that in different areas under the same culture, because this study. The of the different cultures of the region, the sub-culture led to the uneven degrees .of independence among the individuals. Although only a preliminary study, we followed the foreign research paradigm, but due to the expansion of the scope of sampling to investigate the independent self-expression under the Chinese inland urban and rural high school students, the results obtained had certain theoretical value. The results of the social situations had a certain agreement with those of questionnaires. Taking into account the future direction of research, it requires a combination of IAT and new evaluation indicators to improve the study design, in order to obtain more valuable discoveries.
|侯东霞. 独立我的城乡差异[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.|
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