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青少年自我控制双系统特征与网络成瘾的关系研究
Alternative TitleRelationship Between Dual self- control system characteristics and Internet Addiction of Adolescents
梁虹
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor高文斌
2016-03
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline健康心理学
Keyword自我控制双系统 网络成瘾 冲动系统 控制系统 交互作用
Abstract

互联网的快速发展和社会渗透,正在改变青少年的生活方式,网络成瘾己经成为中国青少年一个日益严重的问题,青少年阶段是自我控制发展的关键时期,对青少年自我控制与网络成瘾关系的研究可以帮助我们探寻自我控制在青少年阶段的发展规律及心理和生理机制,为自我控制障碍和缺陷的早期识别和矫正提供依据,为青少年网络成瘾的防治起到积极的促进作用。本研究通过问卷调查方法对来自宁夏、山西、四川、福建、吉林、安徽六省2989名学生的网络成瘾与自我控制双系统的研究分析青少年网络成瘾与自我控制双系统的关系,研究青少年不同年龄阶段自我控制双系统对网络成瘾的影响。主要研究结果如下:

网络成瘾与冲动系统呈正相关、与控制系统呈负相关,男生较女生更容易网络成瘾,年龄对网络成瘾也有显著相关、且随着年龄的增长呈上升趋势,冲动系统和控制系统之间没有交互作用、冲动系统较控制系统与网络成瘾有更强的关联。

性别和控制系统有交互作用、与冲动系统也有交互作用,相对女生控制系统和冲动系统对男生网络成瘾的影响都更大。

将年级分为大学组和中小学组,相对中小学组大学组更容易网络成瘾,年级和冲动系统的交互作用存在边缘显著、与控制系统无交互作用,青少年在大学阶段冲动系统对网络成瘾的影响相对于中小学阶段存在差异,控制系统对网络成瘾的影响相对于中小学阶段无显著差异,冲动系统在青少年中小学阶段较大学阶段对网络成瘾的影响更显著。

Other Abstract

The rapid development of the Internet and its social penetrations are changing Adolescents’ lifestyles. Internet disorder has become an increasingly severe problem with Chinese adolescents. Adolescence is a crucial stage for the development of self-control, therefore, the study on the relationship between adolescent self-control and Internet addiction can assist our inquiry about the development laws of self cont}0ol during the adolescence and its psychological and physiological mechanisms, and provide a basis for early identification and correction of self-control disorders and deficiencies, which would play a positive role in the prevention and control of Internet addiction among the adolescents. Thi0ough the approach of questionnaire survey, this research cai0ries out a study on Internet addiction and the dual system of self control among 2,898 students coming from six provinces, namely, Ningxia, Shanxi, Sichuan, Fujian, Jilin and Anhui, to analyze the effect of the dual system of self-control in different age groups of adolescents on the on Internet addiction. The major findings of this research are as follows:

1 .Internet addiction is negatively correlated to the self control system, positively correlated to the impulsive system, and negatively correlated to the control system; compared with female students, male students are more inclined to be addicted to the Internet; age is also significantly correlated to Internet addiction, which presents a rising trend as the age increases; there is no reciprocal action between the impulsive and control systems, and the impulsive system is more associated with Internet addiction than the control system.

2 .There is an reciprocal action between the sex and control systems, so too between sex and the impulse systems compared with female students, the control system and the impulsive a system pose larger effects on Internet addiction among male students.

3. Based on different grades the subjects are divided into the college group and the elementary and high-school group. Compared with the elementary- and high4school group9 subjects from the college group are more prone to be addicted to Internet. There is an edge saliency with the interaction between grades and the impulsive system, but no interaction is found with the control system. The influence of the impulsive system on adolescents in the college stage has a significant difference from those in the elementary-and high-school stage, while no significant difference is found for the influence of the control system on Internet addiction from subjects in the elementary- and high-school stage. The influence of the impulsive system on Internet addiction of adolescents in the college stage is more significant than those in the elementary- and high-school stage, but its influence on Internet addiction exhibits a weakening trend along with the rise of the impulsive system.

Pages41
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/28975
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
梁虹. 青少年自我控制双系统特征与网络成瘾的关系研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.
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