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父母常用管教语对儿童内隐社会认知的影响-一基于两可情境选择的ERP研究
Alternative TitleThe influence of parents' commonly used didcipline language on children's implicit social cognition----based on the ERP of situation projection
吴宇平
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor尹文刚
2016-11
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline发展与教育心理学
Keyword常用管教语 内隐攻击性 两可情境图 ERP
Abstract

目的:研究常用管教语言对儿童内隐社会认知的影响。方法:本文被试为71名在校高年级小学生,随机分成三组,分别接触管教语(正性、负性)或者不接触管教语,探讨他们对两可(每张图可以有两种选择)情境图片做出温和(亲近)或攻击(防卫)选择的倾向性间的相关性,同时用BP工作站记录并分析不同状态下的ERP,研究管教语言对儿童认知相关的脑电变化,探索儿童内隐攻击性的神经心理特点。结果:①正性管教语组(Positive language, PL)在选择攻击选项时的比率为33.58%,而负性管教语组(Negative language9 NL)的比率是的41.35%,两者之间存在显著差异。.PL与NL之间在FC4点P200成份上的波幅及潜伏期有显著差异(波幅(F(2, 65) =3.345, P<0.05); 潜伏期(F(2,65) =3.924), P<0.05):接受负性管教言语组后脑CPZ点及POZ点在N220成份上的潜伏期与接受正性管教言语组之间有显著差异,C CPZ: F C 2, 65 ) =3.281, P<0.05 )。两者均呈现为: NL组潜伏期更长,波幅更小。③对N440的潜伏期和波幅进行ANOVA分析,oz点的潜伏期和波幅均检测到显著的组间效应(潜伏期(F ( 2, 65 ) =3.262, P<0.05 );波幅 F C 2, 65 ) =4.602, P<0.05 ) ); POZ点潜伏期的组间效应达到显著差异(F (2, 65) =3.885, PG0.05)。两者均呈现为:NL组潜伏期更短,波幅更小。④所有组后左半脑明显多出N 100成份波,且在PZ电极点潜伏期存在显著组间差异(F (2, 65) =3.369 P<0.05), NL组潜伏期比另两组更短。结论:负性管教言语会明显启动儿童的内隐攻击性,使孩子以更具有攻击性的方式看待事物,这与父母管教言语影响到儿童的脑认知功能相关。

Other Abstract

Objective: To investigate the impact of discipline language on the children's implicit aggression. Methods:Subjects in this paper is 71 children of higher grades in elementary school. They were divided into three groups at random. They were exposed to commonly used discipline language(positive and negative)or not exposed to the discipline language, investigate the correlation of the orientation that the children make the modest(close)or attack(defense)choice to the images of ambiguous situation. Additionally we use BP workstation to record the ERP in different situations to investigate the impact of discipline language on the change of brain electricity related with the children's cognition and explore the characteristics of neuropsychological development of children implicit aggression. Results:① The rate of attack choice of PL(Positive language)group is 33.58% which is significantly lower than that of the NL(Negative language)group 41.35%.②At FC4 of P200 the amplitude and incubation period of the two groups are significantly different( amplitude (F(2,65)=3.345,P<0.05); incubation period (F(2,65)=3.924),P<0.05).1"he incubation period of the CPZ and POZ of the hindbrain of N220 is different between the PL and NL group with statistical significance(CPZ: F(2,65)=3.281,p<0.05).Both showed a longer incubation and a smaller amplitude in the NL group.③ The result of ANOVA analysis of the incubation period and amplitude of N440 showed that both the incubation period and amplitude at the OZ point(incubation period(F(2,65)=3.262,P< 0.05); amplitude(F(2,65)=4.602,P<0.05))and the incubation period at the POZ point are significantly different in the two groups(F(2,65 )=3.885,P<0.05). Both showed a shorter incubation and。smaller amplitude in the NL group. ④ The results also showed more N100 wave of left-hand-sideherald and difference at the PZ point significantly within the two groups(F(2,65)=3.369,P<0.05),and the incubation period at the PZ point are significantly different between the two groups(P<0.05),the NL group incubation period shorter than the other two groups. Conclusions: Negative language will activate the implicit aggression of the children and make the children view things in aggressive manner, which could be explained by the influence of parents' discipline language on brain cognitive function.

Pages37
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29058
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
吴宇平. 父母常用管教语对儿童内隐社会认知的影响-一基于两可情境选择的ERP研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.
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