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父母温暖和说理对青少年行为问题的影响:青少年意志控制的中介作用
Alternative TitleThe Mediation of Effortfnl Control on the Influence of Parental Warmth and R easoning on adolescent Behavioral Problems
袁皎
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor陈杰
2016-11
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline发展与教育心理学
Keyword意志控制 青少年行为问题 父母教养行为 温暖和说理 中介作用
Abstract

研究目的:考察青少年意志控制在父母教养行为对青少年行为问题的影响中的中介作用:(1)探讨父母教养行为、青少年行为问题与意志控制的相关;(2)检验父母教养行为一与青少年行为问题一意志控制的中介模型;(3)考察青少年意志控制在父母教养行为对青少年行为问题的中介作用是否存在性别差异;(4)控制了共同的遗传因素后,父母教养行为是否依然通过意志控制影响青少年行为问题;

研究方法:研究样本取自中国科学院心理研究所双生子数据库,包含1322对年龄范围在9-19岁双生子,其中同卵双生子804对。采用问卷测量父母温暖和说理、青少年行为问题以及意志控制水平。采用SPSS22. 0对数据进行相关分析和回归分析;使用自助法对中介作用进行检验;并考察了性别作为调节因素对于中介效应的影响。

研究结果:(1)青少年自身的行为问题与父母温暖和说理及意志控制水平均有显著的相关性;(2)意志控制水平在父母温暖和说理对青少年自身行为问题的影响中起到部分中介作用;(3)控制了共同的遗传因素后,父母温暖和说理依然通过意志控制影响青少年行为问题;(4)在同卵双生子差异分数分析中,意志控制对父亲温暖和说理和青少年行为问题的中介作用存在性别差异,女生中的中介作用大于男生。

研究结论及意义:父母教养行为通过青少年的意志控制影响青少年的行为问题。在排除共同的遗传因素的影响后,父母教养行为依然通过青少年意志控制影响青少年行为问题。本研究提示可以通过改善父母教养行为减少青少年行为问题。

Other Abstract

Research objective: To investigate the mediation effect of effortful control on the influence of parental warmth and reasoning on adolescent behavioral problems: (1)to explore the relationship among parenting behavior, adolescent behavioral problem and effoz0tful control;(2) to test the mediation model; (3) to test the gender differences in mediation effect; (4) to test whether parenting behavior still influence adolescent behavioral problems tln0ough the effortful cont}0ol, after controlling for common genetic factors.

Research methods: Research data was derived from the twin dataset of Institute of psychology, Chinese academy of sciences, including 1322 pairs of twins (804 pairs of MZ) age ranged 9-19. Parental warmth and reasoning, adolescent behavioral problems and effortful control were measured by self-report questionnaire. The data analyses were conducted with SPSS 22.0.

Research Results: (1) There are significant correlations among adolescent behavioral problems, effortful control and parenting behaviors; (2) effortful control partly mediated the association between parenting and youth behavioral problems; (3) the mediation effect is still significant after controlling for- common genetic factors; (4) there are gender differences in the mediation of effortful control between father's warmth-reasoning and youth behavioral problems.

Conclusions: Parenting can influence youth behavioral problems through effortful control. The mediation effect is still significant after controlling for common genes. The findings suggest that intervention of strengthening positive parenting can reduce youth behavioral problems.

Pages43
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29066
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
袁皎. 父母温暖和说理对青少年行为问题的影响:青少年意志控制的中介作用[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.
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