|Alternative Title||The emotional context effect on the processing of the emotional words in sentence reading|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||情绪一致性效应 眼动 情绪语境 语义期待 情绪优先假设|
Emotional context is considered as an important factor during text reading and word processing. Many studies have found that the induced mood or the affection expectancy could facilitate lexical access of the target word embedded in the sentence with the congruous valence, namely emotional congruous effect. While some other studies suggested that the highly automatic attention-capture emotional words can sometimes override integration processes and semantic processing during discourse comprehension, because of their emotion salience. It is still unclear, whether on not the processing of the emotional words is mutually interrelated when they are embedded in the same sentences. However, most of those studies were based on the EHF' studies in which test, the sentence appeared on the screen one word at a time. Unlike those studies, we used eye tracking technique in the current study, which readers could read sentence naturally.
Our study examined how the emotional context influences the processing of the following emotional word in normal reading. Emotional words were embedded in emotionally negative or positive sentences context. Semantic predictability9 and plausibility were matched across every condition. In Experiment 1，the 2X2 design was carried out9 one factors was context valence ( positive versus negative levels and the other was target word valence (positive versus negative levels).In experiment 2 and 3, we used the same set of sentence materials, participants should read sentence of both emotionally congruent, incongruent or neutral target words embedded in the same scenario stems with low word CP(Close probability).We also manipulate the task conditions. The participants were required to do the semantic comprehension in experiment 1 and 2. In experiment 3 the task is on line evaluative categorization.
As a result, on neither fixation tune, gaze duration, nor total reading time, could we found any significance of context valence effect or word valence effect. there is only a significant interaction between these to factors, the total reading time of emotional incongruous words was shorter than the congruous ones. In the experiment 2, the ANOVA data of the total reading time on the target words shows the same significance as the previous study, moreover, the total reading time of emotional incongruous words was also shorter than the neutral ones. However, the opposite reading reactions was observed in the valence relative task compared to semantic task which showed significant facilitation to the processing of emotional congruous words compared with the incongruous emotional words, indicated that the facilitation effect on the processing of emotional incongruous words was strongly depended on task.
Based on these results, we concluded that in normal reading, the valence of the word wasn't integrated with the emotional context when emotion violation happens, and this incongruous caused deeper semantic processing of the target word to be bypassed. Moreover the emotional effect found in by the top-down processing caused by the valence relative task, suggesting that emotional congruous effect is a superior processing mechanism that strongly depend on the power of expectancy. As a summery, the valence cue of the emotional context will actually do the effect on the emotional words' on-line processing in two ways, the research would be manipulated during our normal sentence reading. The arousal on the valence level will only facilitate the processing of emotional incongurous words with low word predictability. Instead, as the contribution of semantic expectancy is strong enough, the emotional congruous effect obviously would be seen.
|詹燕徽. 语句阅读中情绪语境对情绪词加工的影响[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.|
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