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父亲教养投入的影响因素及其对母亲婚姻满意度的影响
Alternative TitleThe factors affecting the father's involvement and the impact on the maternal marital satisfaction
赵嫣然
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor陈毅文
2016-11
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral中国科学院心理研究所
Degree Name理学硕士
Degree Discipline健康心理学
Keyword父亲教养压力 父亲教养投入 婚姻满意度
Abstract

大部分关于亲子关系的研究集中在母亲对儿童的发展的重要作用,国内关于父亲教养投入的研究还处于初级阶段。2015年年底,全国妇联儿童工作部发布了第二次全国家庭教育现状调查的主要结果和核心数据。家庭教育分工中母亲分担着育儿工作的主要责任,父亲“缺位”近一半;

为给儿童的健康成长营造一种和谐的家庭氛围,本文的主题为:探究父亲教养压力和父亲婚姻满意度对父亲教养投入和母亲婚姻满意度的影响,以及母亲感知的父亲教养投入在父亲教养投入和母亲婚姻满意度之间的中介作用。

采用教养压力量表、婚姻满意度量表、教养投入量表对北京市、德州市、芜湖市5家幼儿园300名儿童的父亲和母亲进行调查。研究结果表明,父亲教养压力显著负向预测父亲教养投入;父亲婚姻满意度显著正向预测父亲教养投入;父亲教养投入显著正向预测母亲婚姻满意度;教养投入、教养压力、婚姻满意度构建的结构方程模型拟合度较好,母亲感知的父亲教养投入中介父亲教养投入和母亲婚姻满意度。

通过该研究,深入了解了家庭系统中夫妻子系统,亲子子系统之间是如何相互作用相互影响的,夫妻子系统和亲子子系统之间存在溢出效应和交叉效应。进一步理解了父亲在教养压力中,亲子互动失调维度显著负向预测父亲的教养投入,父亲的婚姻满意度显著影响父亲教养投入的责任性,而对于母亲,母亲感知的父亲教养投入的可及性和责任性显著影响母亲的婚姻满意度水平。这些研究结果有助于我们在实际经营家庭关系和临床心理咨询中运用系统的观点更好的理解和尊重家庭成员的相互关系,帮助和鼓励父亲接纳孩子的个性特质,更加全然的享受育儿的过程。

Other Abstract

Most of the researches on the parent-child relationship shows that mother plays an important role about child's development, the domestic research about father involvement is still at the primary stage. At the end of 2015, children's Department of the Chinese women association alliance released a major result of the second national family education status surveys and core data. Mother still undertake the most of responsibilities to care children. The absence of accounts still nearly half;

In order to build a harmonious family atmosphere for the healthy growth of children, the theme of this article is: To explore the impact of father parenting stress and paternal marital satisfaction into father involvement and the impact that the father involvement to maternal marital satisfaction, we also study the mediating role of maternal perceived father involvement between father involvement and maternal marital satisfaction.

We used the parenting stress scale, marital satisfaction scale and father involvement scale to investigate, the father and mother of 300 children who from 5 kindergartens in Beijing City, Dezhou city and Wuhu city were investigated. The correlation analysis showes that father parenting stress negatively predict Father involvement; paternal marital satisfaction positively predict father involvement; The structural equation model of parenting involvement, parenting stress and marital satisfaction is fitted. Maternal perceptions of father involvement mediate the effect of father involvement on maternal marital satisfaction.

Through this research, we understand the subsystems of the couple relationships f more deeply. We also understand the subsystems that the parent-child interaction how to interact with each other, the spillover effect and the cross effect between the subsystems. We also further understand that the parent-child dysfunctional interaction is negative related father involvement, paternal marital satisfaction have significantly affected the responsibility of father involvement. The fathers' accessibility and fathers' responsibility that mother perceived significantly affect the maternal marital satisfaction level. The studies could help us use systematic view in the actual operation of family relationship and clinical psychological consultation, they also help us understanding and respecting the relationship of family members, they help and encourage father to accept the child's personality traits, more fully enjoy the process of parenting.

Pages44
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29076
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
赵嫣然. 父亲教养投入的影响因素及其对母亲婚姻满意度的影响[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.
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