PSYCH OpenIR  > 认知与发展心理学研究室
生物运动特异性加工机制的知觉特性
Alternative TitleA Study of Biological Motion Perception
蔡鹏
2012-05
Publication Place北京
Subtype最终报告
Contribution Rank1
Abstract

人类视觉系统能够识别生物体的大量信息,例如性别、运动速度、运动方向以及精神状态等,这些信息有助于自身生存。以往的大量研究表明生物运动作为一种具有特殊进化意义的刺激,具有不同于一般运动和静态生物刺激的认知神经机制,然而对生物运动具体加工机制的研究还处于起步阶段。通过一系列的实验研究,我们可以得出如下结论:

1.生物运动中多属性信息的加工和整合:运动速度和运动周期可以影响运动方向的辨别能力;观察者的性别和生物运动的性别信息同时影响运动方向的辨别能力;运动方向不影响性别知觉。

2.生物运动的跨通道整合:嗅觉通道提供信息也可以引发跨通道的整合并影响生物运动的性别知觉。

3.生物运动中局部信息加工的特异性及其与整体信息的关系:脚部是生物运动中重要的组成部分,这一局部信息可以调控生物运动的整体知觉。

Other Abstract

Human visual system is tuned to the motion of biological entities, which provides potentially vital information for survival. It has been demonstrated that observers can readily recognize the action, gender and identity information conveyed by pointed-light biological motion. However, more exploration should be spread into the mechanism of biological motion.

Our studies indicate:

Firstly, process and integration of multiple properties in biological motion Observers showed better direction discrimination when the walker walked at a fast pace which was not simply due to the difference of motion cycles. Also, observer's sex and walker's gender affected direction discrimination interactively. However, walking direction did not influence the gender perception.

Second, cross modality in biological motion. Olfaction provided information to perceive a walker's gender, moreover with a dissociate effect on observer's gender and sexual orientation, which suggested a cross-modality between olfactory and vision in biological motion perception.

Last, specificity of local motion and its influence on biological motion. Walking direction sensitivity could be enhanced by increasing the feet motion speed alone, so long as its direction was consistent with that of the other body parts. 'These findings highlighted the role of the fact in biological motion perception.

Keyword生物运动 跨通道 嗅觉 运动速度 运动方向 性别知觉
Subject Area基础心理学
Pages31
Language中文
Document Type科技报告
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29121
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
蔡鹏. 生物运动特异性加工机制的知觉特性[R]. 北京,2012.
Files in This Item:
File Name/Size DocType Version Access License
蔡鹏-博士后研究报告.pdf(3352KB)科技报告 限制开放CC BY-NC-SAView Application Full Text
Related Services
Recommend this item
Bookmark
Usage statistics
Export to Endnote
Google Scholar
Similar articles in Google Scholar
[蔡鹏]'s Articles
Baidu academic
Similar articles in Baidu academic
[蔡鹏]'s Articles
Bing Scholar
Similar articles in Bing Scholar
[蔡鹏]'s Articles
Terms of Use
No data!
Social Bookmark/Share
File name: 蔡鹏-博士后研究报告.pdf
Format: Adobe PDF
All comments (0)
No comment.
 

Items in the repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.