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False Recognition of Emotionally Categorized Pictures in Young and Older Adults
Zheng, Zhiwei1,2; Lang, Minjia1,2; Wang, Wei1,2; Xiao, Fengqiu3; Guo, Shuhan1,2; Li, Juan1,2,4,5
Corresponding AuthorLi, Juan(lijuan@psych.ac.cn)
2019-06-27
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
Volume10Pages:11
AbstractNormal aging is associated with the shift in motivational priorities from knowledge acquisition to emotion regulation. Current evidence indicates an age-related increase in preferences for positive over negative stimuli in true memory. In the present study, using the categorized pictures paradigm, we investigated whether older adults would exhibit a greater increase in false memory for positive versus negative lures, compared with young adults. We also examined the association of executive functioning with the preferences for positive over negative pictures in false recognition memory. A total of 27 young and 26 older adults studied emotional pictures from various categories during encoding and subsequently completed an old/new recognition test. In addition, all participants completed the executive functioning tests. The results revealed that both older and young adults showed higher rates of false recognition for positive pictures compared with negative pictures; no significant group by valence interaction was observed. Trail making scores were negatively correlated with positive processing preferences in false recognition rates in older but not young adults. These findings suggest that false recognition memory exhibits preferences toward positively valenced stimuli in both young and older adults. Cognitive control processes are necessary for older adults to distort memory in emotionally gratifying ways.
Keywordpositivity effect false memory emotion regulation executive functioning aging
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01477
Indexed BySCI ; SCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2018YFC2001701] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2018YFC2000303] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFC1305900] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFB1401203] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31700974] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31671157] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31711530157] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31470998] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[31861133011] ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission[Z171100000117006] ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission[Z171100008217006]
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000473184400001
PublisherFRONTIERS MEDIA SA
WOS KeywordAGE-DIFFERENCES ; COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE ; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE ; ENHANCED MEMORY ; RECOLLECTION ; ATTENTION ; WORDS ; FAMILIARITY ; ACTIVATION ; MECHANISMS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29139
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Juan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, Ctr Aging Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.China Natl Childrens Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Magnet Resonance Imaging Res Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zheng, Zhiwei,Lang, Minjia,Wang, Wei,et al. False Recognition of Emotionally Categorized Pictures in Young and Older Adults[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2019,10:11.
APA Zheng, Zhiwei,Lang, Minjia,Wang, Wei,Xiao, Fengqiu,Guo, Shuhan,&Li, Juan.(2019).False Recognition of Emotionally Categorized Pictures in Young and Older Adults.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,10,11.
MLA Zheng, Zhiwei,et al."False Recognition of Emotionally Categorized Pictures in Young and Older Adults".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 10(2019):11.
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