PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
False recognition of emotionally categorized pictures in young and older adults
Zhiwei Zheng1; Minjia Lan1; Wei Wang1; Fengqiu Xiao2; Shuhan Guo1; Juan Li1
First AuthorZhiwei Zheng
2019
Source PublicationFrontiers in Psychology
Correspondent Emaillijuan@psych.ac.cn
Subtype期刊论文
Pages1-29
Abstract

Normal aging is associated with the shift in motivational priorities from knowledge acquisition to emotion regulation. Current evidence indicates an age-related increase in preferences for positive over negative stimuli in true memory. In the present study, using the categorized pictures paradigm, we investigated whether older adults would exhibit a greater increase in false memory for positive versus negative lures, compared with young adults. We also examined the association of executive functioning with the preferences for positive over negative pictures in false recognition memory. A total of 27 young and 26 older adults studied emotional pictures from various categories during encoding and subsequently completed an old/new recognition test. In addition, all participants completed the executive functioning tests. The results revealed that both older and young adults showed higher rates of false recognition for positive pictures compared with negative pictures; no significant group by valence interaction was observed. Trail making scores were negatively correlated with positive processing preferences in false recognition rates in older but not young adults. These findings suggest that false recognition memory exhibits preferences toward positively valenced stimuli in both young and older adults. Cognitive control processes are necessary for older adults to distort memory in emotionally gratifying ways.

Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29139
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
2.China National Children’s Center, China
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhiwei Zheng,Minjia Lan,Wei Wang,et al. False recognition of emotionally categorized pictures in young and older adults[J]. Frontiers in Psychology,2019:1-29.
APA Zhiwei Zheng,Minjia Lan,Wei Wang,Fengqiu Xiao,Shuhan Guo,&Juan Li.(2019).False recognition of emotionally categorized pictures in young and older adults.Frontiers in Psychology,1-29.
MLA Zhiwei Zheng,et al."False recognition of emotionally categorized pictures in young and older adults".Frontiers in Psychology (2019):1-29.
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