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样例数量对内隐序列学习的影响
Alternative TitleThe Effects of Exemplar Quantity on Implicit Sequence Learning
付秋芳; 傅小兰
2005
Source Publication心理科学
ISSN1671-6981
Volume28Issue:4Pages:801-805
Abstract本研究采用序列学习范式,探讨了样例数量对内隐序列学习的影响,以揭示意识在学习中的作用以及内隐学习获得的知识表征。研究发现,在内隐序列学习中:(1)被试既可以记忆具体的样例知识也可以抽取抽象的规则知识; (2)样例数量影响被试对样例和规则知识的获得,在样例较少时被试可以获得更多的样例和规则知识; (3)样例数量影响被试对意识知识的获得,在本研究中仅当样例数为4时被试获得了有关样例和规则的意识知识。
Keyword内隐序列学习 规则 样例 样例数量 过程分离方法
Subject Area认知心理学
Language中文
Funding Project本研究得到中国科技部973 项目(2002CB312103) ,国家自然科学基金重点项目(60433030) 和面上项目(30270466) 、中国科学院心理研究所创新重点项目(0302037) 经费支持。
NoteThis study adopted the paradigm of sequence learning and used different exemplar quantities to test the effects of exemplar quantity on implicit sequence learning. The purpose was to explore the role of consciousness in learning and what the subjects acquired in implicit sequence learning. The findings indicated that in implicit sequence learning, (a) the subjects could encode exemplars and induct abstract rules; (b) what the subjects acquired was influenced by exemplar quantity, and the subjects could acquire more exemple2based and rule-based knowledge when exemplar quantity was smaller; and (c) exemplar quantity influenced the subjects’conscious knowledge, and the subjects could acquire some conscious knowledge only when exemplar quantity was four in the present study.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/2918
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author傅小兰
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
付秋芳,傅小兰. 样例数量对内隐序列学习的影响[J]. 心理科学,2005,28(4):801-805.
APA 付秋芳,&傅小兰.(2005).样例数量对内隐序列学习的影响.心理科学,28(4),801-805.
MLA 付秋芳,et al."样例数量对内隐序列学习的影响".心理科学 28.4(2005):801-805.
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