|Alternative Title||Longitudinal Research for Comparing the Cogitive Development Difference of Only Child and Non-Only Child in Rural and Urban areas in China|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||纵向追踪研究 独生子女 家庭规模 城乡差异 认知发展|
The impact of family size on one's development has been a popular research topic in social sciences. Since the implementation of the family planning policy in 1979, the only child issue has been extensively studied. A large amount of comparative researches have been carried out by child care workers on intelligence, health, personality development of the only-child and child with siblings. These researches, however, often focus on a specific province or area; only few researches look into this issue at the national scope, and their testes matching and condition control are not strict enough. Cognitive development is a very important dimension in early childhood development. In the new millennium, the launch of the two-child policy has brought about many new questions: are there any differences between the only-child and non-only-child in the early cognitive development stage? What will be the urban-rural differences between only-child and non-only-child in cognitive
development? Will the urban-rural differences evolve at different age? These are also the questions this research hope to answer.
In this study, 732 children from six provinces (cities) in the eastern, central and western regions of China were selected as the samples. The revised parental questionnaire and the child cognition questionnaire were used as research tools in a 3-yearlongitudinal research (from 4-6 years) of the sampling children. The differences on cognition development between the only-child and the non-only-child in their pre-school three years were discussed. The influence of gender, family background, family socioeconomic status (SES), mother's education level, mother's age and parent-child interaction in family were also considered for both only-child and non-only-child.
The results showed that: 1) the level of only child's cognitive development was significantly higher than that of non-only-child in urban areas; the only child and child with siblings in rural areas exhibited no significant difference in early cognitive development; 2) There was no significant gender difference in early cognitive development between the only child and non-only-child; 3) There was significant rural-urban difference at the early developmental stage of the only-child and non-only child; the interaction of whether the child's singleton status and the family's rural or urban background had a marginal significant impact on the child's early cognitive development; 4) birth order had no significant effect for non-only children's cognitive development.
As a preliminary exploration, this study is based on the data collected from a three-year longitudinal research, and the results partially substantiate the view of "the level of early cognitive development of the only child has no difference from or even superior to that of the non-only child" which has been found by psychologists. In addition, the analysis found that the parent-child interaction in urban family at 4 years old could have a significant positive impact on the children's cognitive scores at 5 years old. Future research on kindergarten education background, family socioeconomic status, gender structure, birth interval and other factors may help us to gain more knowledge and evidence on the relationship between family size and early childhood cognitive development in the context of new population policy.
|李颖. 城乡独生子女与非独生子女的早期认知发展差异的追踪研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2016.|
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