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样例学习条件下的因果力估计
Alternative TitleCAUSAL JUDGMENTS IN THE TRIAL-BY-TRIAL PRESENTATION
王墨耘; 傅小兰
2005
Source Publication心理学报
ISSN0439-755X
Volume37Issue:1Pages:51-61
Abstract在逐个呈现因果样例的条件下 ,考察单一因果关系因果力估计的特点 ,同时检验联想解释 ,概率对比模型 ,权重ΔP模型 ,效力PC理论和pCI规则。实验让 6 5名大学生被试估计不同化学药物影响动物基因变异的能力。实验结果表明 :(1)对产生原因的因果力估计符合权重ΔP模型 ; (2 )对预防原因的因果力估计较多符合效力PC理论 ; (3)因果力估计具有复杂多样性 ,难以用统一的模式加以描述和概括
Keyword因果力估计 概率对比模型 效力pc理论 权重δp模型 Pci规则 逐个呈现样例
Subject Area认知心理学
Language中文
Funding Project国家自然科学基金项目(30270466) 、中国科技部项目(2002CB312100) 和中国科学院心理研究所创新重点项目(0302037) 。
NoteAn experiment was conducted to investigate human causal judgments in the trial-by-trial presentation, and to test the associative theory, the power PC theory, the probabilistic contrast model, the weighted ΔP model, and the pCI rule. The participants were 65 college students. It was found that causal judgments had three characteristics: (a) Causal judgments were in accord with the weighted ΔP model in generative causes, (b) more causal judgments were in accord with the power PC theory in preventive causes, and (c) causal judgments were difficult to be described and generalized with a uniform pattern.
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/2920
Collection中国科学院心理研究所回溯数据库(1956-2010)
Corresponding Author王墨耘
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
王墨耘,傅小兰. 样例学习条件下的因果力估计[J]. 心理学报,2005,37(1):51-61.
APA 王墨耘,&傅小兰.(2005).样例学习条件下的因果力估计.心理学报,37(1),51-61.
MLA 王墨耘,et al."样例学习条件下的因果力估计".心理学报 37.1(2005):51-61.
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