|Alternative Title||A Research on Correlated Factors of Self-identity of Migrant Laborers' Chiidren|
|Place of Conferral||中国科学院心理研究所|
|Keyword||流动儿童 家庭因素 安全感 亲子依恋 自我同一性|
Migrant children refer to those school-age children who move to the inflow areas with their parents more than half a year. They are at age of 6 to 14. Most of migrant children were left-behind children, as their parents firstly went to cities for a job leaving the children at home. After the parents settled down, the children began to flow with parents between cities and their hometown. Migrant children are growing up in an interchanged envir0onment. The variational family and social enviz0onment may have certain effects on the formation of self-identity. The research on self-identity of migrant children is still scarce. The present study was aimed to investigate the present development status of self-identity among migrant children and explore its influential factors. The study covered 7'71 children from Sichuan Province, China, including left-behind children, non-left-behind children from rural areas, migrant children, as well as non-migrant children from urban areas. The results from interviews and questionnaires showed that:
1 .The development of self-identity among migrant children was significantly poorer than the other three groups.
2. Male migrant children of elementary school and junior middle schools got significant lower scores on self-identity scale than the other three groups; the same was true for female migrant children of junior middle school.
3. As to parent-child attachment, female migrant children got significant higher score on compatibility and anxiety than male migrant children.
4. The sense of security, education level of the fathers, life satisfaction, parent-child relationship, and secure attachment were all positively correlated self identity among migrant children.
5. Parent-child relationship played a mediating role between family environment and self identity, while the sense of security of migrant children could reduce the effect of parent-child relationship. Higher sense of security could help to promote the development of self-identity among migrant children.
The present research investigated the influential factors of self-identity among migrant children in depth, mainly from family environment, the sense of security, parent-child attachment. The findings could provide some scientific basis for the research of developmental psychology and the policy making related to migrant children.
|王薇. 流动儿童自我同一性及其相关因素研究[D]. 中国科学院心理研究所. 中国科学院大学,2012.|
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