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Trajectories of PTSD symptoms among children who survived the Lushan earthquake: A four-year longitudinal study
Cheng Jin1,2,3; Liang Yi-Ming2,3; Zhou Yue-Yue2,3; Buzohre, Eli2,3; Liu Zheng-Kui2
First AuthorCheng Jin
2019-06-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
Correspondent Emailz.-k. liu(liuzk@psych.ac.cn )
ISSN0165-0327
Subtypearticle
Volume252Pages:421-427
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

Background: This study aimed to explore the trajectories of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among child survivors of the Lushan earthquake by using latent category growth analysis. Methods: In total, 304 students from a school located in Lushan County were assessed by UCLA PTSD-RI at 1.5, 6, 12, 24 and 48 months after the earthquake. The children ages ranged from 9 to 17 years old at the time of the first assessment, and the sample included 140 males and 164 females. Results: Four trajectories of PTSD symptoms were found, namely, resilience (53.8%), low symptoms (32.6%), recovery (7.0%), and chronic dysfunction (6.6%). Then, a logistic regression analysis that controlled for gender and grade showed that compared with the resilience group, children with an injury or probable acute stress disorder (ASD) were likely to be in the recovery group, children with probable ASD were more likely to be in the low-symptoms group, and children with a bad relationship with their father were more likely to be in the chronic group. Limitations: The participants were selected by convenience principle. All children received an intervention after the earthquake. Conclusions: These findings suggest that increasing children's social support may relieve children's PTSD symptoms. We should consider both perceived threat and object exposure in future studies. The posttraumatic stress response was very high and was unstable during the first month after the earthquake, which suggests that psychological first aid is necessary in posttraumatic events.

KeywordPTSD symptoms trajectory Children Longitudinal study Natural disaster
DOI10.1016/j.jad.2019.04.047
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationPioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Feature Institutes Program ; Consulting and Appraising Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Beijing Sport University
Funding ProjectPioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Feature Institutes Program[TSS-2015-06] ; Consulting and Appraising Project of Chinese Academy of Sciences[Y7CX134003] ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, Beijing Sport University[2019QD018]
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS SubjectClinical Neurology ; Psychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000467801200050
PublisherELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
WOS KeywordPOSTTRAUMATIC-STRESS-DISORDER ; LEFT-BEHIND CHILDREN ; PERCEIVED THREAT ; TRAUMATIC INJURY ; FOLLOW-UP ; RESILIENCE ; VICTIMS ; RISK ; ADOLESCENTS ; DISASTER
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/29275
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu Zheng-Kui
Affiliation1.Beijing Sport Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
2.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cheng Jin,Liang Yi-Ming,Zhou Yue-Yue,et al. Trajectories of PTSD symptoms among children who survived the Lushan earthquake: A four-year longitudinal study[J]. JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,2019,252:421-427.
APA Cheng Jin,Liang Yi-Ming,Zhou Yue-Yue,Buzohre, Eli,&Liu Zheng-Kui.(2019).Trajectories of PTSD symptoms among children who survived the Lushan earthquake: A four-year longitudinal study.JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS,252,421-427.
MLA Cheng Jin,et al."Trajectories of PTSD symptoms among children who survived the Lushan earthquake: A four-year longitudinal study".JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS 252(2019):421-427.
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